Overpopulation and Sustainable Waste Management

Overpopulation and Sustainable Waste Management

Hossein Farraji (School of Civil Engineering, University Saiens Malaysia, Nibong Tebal, Malaysia), Nastaein Qamaruz Zaman (School of Civil Engineering, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Nibong Tebal, Malaysia), Mohammadtaghi Vakili (State Key Joint Laboratory of Environment Simulation and Pollution Control, School of Environment, POPs Research Center, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China) and Hamed Faraji (Faculty of Biological Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz, Iran)
Copyright: © 2016 |Pages: 24
DOI: 10.4018/IJSEM.2016070102


Civilization and Industrialization are two main side effects of overpopulation. Production of food and living requirement for new generations needs raw materials and production process as well as changing natural environment for infrastructure construction. Huge municipal solid waste, anthropological pollution in terrestrial, aquatic and atmosphere media are responses of numerous industries for engaging with humankind requirement. Economic circumstances, ecological condition as well as effective management of production process by selecting smart managing methods in order to decreasing hazardous wastes which produce throughout the manufacturing human living requirements, will be a suitable or even favorable target for green living and environmental protection. This manuscript will discuss on wastes sources, production and practical strategies for decreasing their hazard effect throughout current human activities. In other words, how civilization and industrialization can engage with emerging requirements of humankind as well as concerning to environmental protection?
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This review will concentrate to present related definitions to overpopulation and wastes which are produced by emerging human societies and their living requirements contain scrap tire, concrete waste, household waste, electronic waste, greenhouse gasses and wastewater treatment strategies. Among these issues, current conditions, traditional management methods and recent sustainable techniques will present. This review tries to illustrate numbers of effective aspects of two mega multi-criteria terms entitle to overpopulation and ‘waste management’.

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