Perceived Best Practices for Faculty Training in Distance Education

Perceived Best Practices for Faculty Training in Distance Education

Michael G. McVey (Penn State University Harrisburg, Middletown, PA, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/ijavet.2014010105
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Abstract

Student learning style differences have been widely researched in both traditional face-to-face and online learning environments (Irani, Scherler & Harrington, 2003;Steinbronn, 2007; Williamson & Watson, 2007; Ugur, Akkoyunlu & Kurbanoglu, 2001). After conducting a literature review of adult student learning styles and teaching method analysis, it became apparent that there was not a significant difference in academic performance for students with differing learning styles whether they attended face-to-face or online classroom environments. What was not clearly indicated though, from the review of the literature, was what were the perceived best practices for online teaching from the perspective of experienced distance educators and whether the instructors' perceived learning style was incorporated in training programs to assist faculty to teach online. Thus, the purpose of this qualitative pilot study is to determine the perceived best practices to train faculty to teach in an online environment and how individual instructors' perceived learning style can be incorporated within best practices to foster competence on an individual instructor level. This study also analyzes faculty resistance to distance education and how transformative learning theory may play a role in overcoming this resistance.
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Introduction

According to the Babson Survey Research Group, the number of students, as of fall 2011, taking at least one online course totaled 6.7 million. The proportion of all students taking at least one online course is at an all-time high of 32% as compared to the fall of 2002 which reported only 9.6%. With the ever increasing demand of adult students taking online course work, universities are attempting to keep up with demand by offering distance education programs to attract students and realize additional revenue opportunities (Grandzol & Grandzol, 2006). With the demand for distance education, online faculty must be sought after to teach these courses and the need for effective, practical training programs becomes a necessity. With online education expanding in scope and popularity, instructor quality and experience in providing online education also plays a vital role in the success or failure of the educational experience for the student. What is interesting, however, is that while the demand for online coursework is high, faculty surveyed from the Babson Survey Research Group reported only 30.2% accepted the value and legitimacy of an online education. This is only slightly more than the 2002 result of 27.6%. While demand from students is high for online education, faculty’s perception of online education as a legitimate educational practice increased marginally over the past decade. While some research has been conducted on best practices for training faculty to teach online (Wolf, 2006), it did not address thoroughly factors to address overcoming resistance to faculty’s perceptions of online learning in order to implement best practices. Additionally, tailoring the best practices to accommodate individual instructor learning styles for online pedagogical approaches was not addressed.

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