Progress in Education Technologies: Innovations and Development Between 1980-2013

Progress in Education Technologies: Innovations and Development Between 1980-2013

Mediha Tezcan (College of Open Education, Anadolu University, Eskisehir, Turkey)
DOI: 10.4018/ijicthd.2014100104

Abstract

The revolutions in the communication and information technologies in the 21st century have led to tremendous innovations in education technologies. From the advances in education technologies, all education programs, such as traditional education, open education, distance education, e-learning, massive open online courses, adult education and lifelong learning, are being positively influenced in our day, as a consequence of the digital revolution, education is in a process of rapid transformation. In this chapter; first the development of education technologies in the historical process has been examined, as divided into periods. In the second step, the structural characteristics of the development in education technologies have been defined. Third, the innovations and developments in education technologies during the 1980-2013 periods have been examined by grouping under the education media titles. Fourth, the contributions of the communication and information technologies to education have been defined. And finally, the impacts of the revolution in the education technologies on economic development have been interpreted.
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Introduction

Learning and teaching has emerged through the curiosity of man. Mankind, faced with the urge to learn, has always tried to find answers to the questions of what, where and how he will learn. Mankind, learning what he wants to learn through the support of other humans and objects, while teaching what he has learned to the others, has found out that it is not enough for only him to give the information, but that other elements are also required. Men always need other elements, supporting sources and tools-equipment that they use to make what they want to learn or teach more efficiently. In a lasting learning or teaching process, technology is also present all the time.

Technology has always been present in the education and teaching processes, and is an indispensable part of education and teaching today. In the learning-teaching processes, accessing information using technology, selection and analysis of information, and the organization of the information sources are significant skills that must be acquired.

Teaching technology is the process of structuring the teaching and learning processes. This process includes the design, application, evaluation and improvement of teaching and learning. Education technology is a complex and integrated process that includes people, methods, opinions, tools-equipment and organization in the analysis and solution of problems related to learning and teaching.

In this chapter, the education technologies concept, its development in the historical process and the structural characteristics of today’s technologies has been investigated. Then, the education technologies during 1980-2013, have been examined through the education media and their contributions to education have been explained. And finally, the impacts of the revolution in the education technologies on economic development have been interpreted.

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