Prospect and Potential of Green Jobs towards Green Economy in Bangladesh: A Situation Analysis and Way Forward

Prospect and Potential of Green Jobs towards Green Economy in Bangladesh: A Situation Analysis and Way Forward

Khalid Md. Bahauddin (Bangladesh Society of Environmental Scientists, Bangladesh) and Nayma Iftakhar (International University of Business Agriculture and Technology, Dhaka, Bangladesh)
DOI: 10.4018/ijsesd.2014070103
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Abstract

The prospects and potential of green jobs in Bangladesh are huge. There are many potential sectors such as renewable energy, buildings and construction, transportation, basic industries, agriculture, and forestry, etc., are the priority areas for the future green job market. In 2009, numbers of approximate green jobs were 748,701 while it increased in 2010 which was about 811,268. It is true the green jobs sector is growing in Bangladesh, but there are also challenges that need to be overcome to accelerate growth. This paper tried to investigate the outlook and potential of green jobs in Bangladesh as well as also make recommendation some ideologies, basic principles as well as reform of policy mechanism to promote and develop of green jobs in Bangladesh.
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2. Concept Of Green Jobs

The concept of green job is a new one. “Green jobs” does not lend itself to a tight definition but certainly includes direct employment that contributes to the reduction of environmental impact to levels that are ultimately sustainable. This includes jobs that help to reduce the consumption of energy and raw materials, decarbonizes the economy, protect and restore ecosystem and biodiversity and minimize the production of waste and pollution. Thus green job aims to preserve the environment for both present and future generations and to be more equitable and inclusive of all people and all countries.

2.1. Environmental Dimension of Green Jobs

For a modern economy, even in the least developed countries, a complete mapping of links between the environment and economy is a major challenge given the many positive and negative feedback loops that would need to be examined.

The range of green job profiles thus defined is broad. It stretches from highly skilled research and development or management functions through technical and skilled levels to relatively low-skilled roles. In developed economies, environment related jobs tend to be concentrated in sectors/activities directly linked to decarbonizing energy supply and improving energy efficiency, pollution control and eco-friendly services. Examples of those sectors that hold the promise of the green jobs of the future include:

  • Delivering improvements in energy and resource efficiency, particularly in the building sector (new and existing built stock), but also industry and transport;

  • Renewable energy (including bio-fuels and renewable technologies);

  • Sustainable mobility (i.e. mass transportation);

  • Waste management and recycling of raw materials;

  • Eco-industries related to pollution control (air, water, waste, site decontamination, noise); and “eco-friendly” services (conservation, ecotourism, etc.).

In developing economies other sectors may be at least as important, in particular:

  • Those involving the sustainable use of natural resources, including agriculture, forestry and fisheries; and

  • Activities relating to adaptation to climate change.

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