Risks in Adoption and Implementation of Big Data Analytics: A Case of Indian Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs)

Risks in Adoption and Implementation of Big Data Analytics: A Case of Indian Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs)

Copyright: © 2021 |Pages: 11
DOI: 10.4018/IJRCM.2021070101
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The research investigates the risks in adopting and implementing big data analytics in Indian micro, small, and medium enterprises (MSMEs). The researchers outlined a survey questionnaire for accumulating reactions from managers working in 50 Indian micro, small, and medium-sized enterprises on behalf of five vital commercial sectors. The application and use of big data analytics offer several significant problems for small companies as an investment in hardware and software resources are substantial. This study's findings provided experimental evidence on five critical challenges that Indian MSMEs face while adopting and implementing big data analytics: lack of human resources, data privacy and security, shortage of technological resources, deficiency of awareness, and financial implications. This study's findings emphasize the challenges that MSMEs face while leveraging big data analytics benefits. The research outcome will promote MSMEs' organizational leadership in planning and developing short-term and long-term information systems strategies.
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1. Introduction

Data is a very honored resource in the present-day highly competitive business world, which is essentially required to resolve the number of challenges everyday businesses face. Based on the current imperative situation of the vast data related to finance, marketing, operations, and human resources associated with specific target markets, particularly in the developing world, businesspeople are eying on big data and its analytics these days. Irrespective of the magnitude, sector, and range, companies from multinationals to MSMEs investigate avenues to burden and exploit the data. The application of big data analytics and its technologies is adjusting the way businesses crosswise over enterprises work. There is a desperate requirement for MSMEs to genuinely consider significant data adoption to address their voluminous data challenges. Big data includes several data types, including traditional enterprise data, machine-generated data, and social data (Opresnik & Taisch, 2015). Machine-generated data could consist of several formats, including weblogs, smart meters, and data originating from multiple sources. Big data contains data in both structured and unstructured data having five dimensions: namely volume, variety, velocity, integrity, and value. Capacity refers to the terabytes and Exabytes of data generated every day, while speed refers to creating big data at a fast pace in real-time (Coleman et al., 2016). Variety refers to the numerous data sources, including textual data, image data, and much more. In contrast, veracity refers to detecting and correcting noisy and unreliable information (Coleman et al., 2016; Zheng et al., 2013).

Big data analytics is the procedure of analyzing big data to uncover hidden patterns, unknown correlations, and other information using sophisticated algorithms (Zheng et al., 2013). SMEs can benefit substantially from big data analytics, but the challenges associated with significant investment in technology and the workforce hinder them from benefiting from big data analytics (Zulkernine, Bauer & Aboulnaga, 2013). Agreeing to (Assuncao et al., 2015), more than 70% of large enterprises and 56% of SMEs in advanced countries have either already deployed or are intending to implement big data projects. According to Dobre and Xhafa (2014), 2.5 exabytes of data are produced every day, with more than 90% of the data generated in the last few years. Coleman et al. (2016) indicated that SMEs in developing and emerging economies are slow in embracing big data analytics because of several challenges. Unless these challenges are addressed, there is a risk that MSMEs will be left behind in benefitting from this new technology. Considering that MSMEs are the backbone of developing countries' economies, such a lapse can prove detrimental to developing countries' growth.

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