Roadmapping BIM Implementation Processes Using IDEF0 Diagrams

Roadmapping BIM Implementation Processes Using IDEF0 Diagrams

Mohamed Marzouk (Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt) and Nada Elmansy (German University in Cairo, Cairo, Egypt)
Copyright: © 2018 |Pages: 15
DOI: 10.4018/IJ3DIM.2018010104

Abstract

This article presents a framework for the implementation of BIM in organizations on a strategic level in Egypt. Earlier analysis of the Egyptian construction market was carried to measure the BIM maturity of organizations. The assessment was required to study where the Egyptian market stands when it comes to BIM knowledge. This was done as a prior step to create an implementation plan. After aligning BIM goals with the current BIM status, recommendations are highlighted in order to create a roadmap for BIM implementation in organizations. A modeling tool was selected to represent the created roadmap. The modeling tool was selected in order to facilitate the implementation of the roadmap in the Egyptian construction industry. The model is created using Integrated Definition (IDEF0) diagrams as a functional modeling tool. The model is made accessible for industry practitioners to use it as a prior step for BIM implementation planning.
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Introduction

Building Information modeling has been growing for the past years. Building Information Modeling (BIM) could be described by various definitions. One of the possible explanations of BIM is as a technique to represent the building virtually where the physical characteristics of the project and all information are contained or attached to the component of the model (Haron et al., 2010). In another context, BIM is explained as “The set of interacting policies, processes and technologies that generate a methodology to manage the essential building design and project data in digital format throughout the building’s life-cycle” (Succar et al., 2012). BIM could be also considered the integration of plans, sections, details, graphics, and data of a construction facility, through which the period spent on design could be cut off as well as the cost spent (Azhar et al., 2015).The result of BIM application is a data-rich, object-oriented, intelligent and parametric digital representation of the facility, from which views and data appropriate to various users’ needs can be extracted and analyzed to generate information that can be used to make decisions and improve the process of delivering the facility (Becerik-Gerbe, et al., 2010; The Associated General Contractors of America, AGC, 2006).

Building Information Modeling has had a significant importance in the construction industry. According to a survey conducted in 2008 (Azhar, 2011), seventy-nine percent of BIM users indicated that the use of BIM improved project outcomes. The survey also illustrated that sixty-two percent of BIM users planned to use it on more than thirty percent of their projects in 2009. This is an indication that the use of BIM in the construction projects and organization have been escalating significantly. The application of BIM technology is perceived of great benefits. BIM would provide construction projects with services to improve efficiency, improve time utilization, and deliver the project within the required quality (Ma et al., 2014). A study was conducted investigating the benefits of BIM adoption under various case studies in Australia and Hong Kong (Aranda-Mena et al., 2009). The study included as range of public and private sector projects and concluded that the implementation efforts results in a drastically improve in the project performance.

The research questioned the implementation of BIM in the construction industry. Since the target usage and benefit of BIM varies, the study of BIM implementation varies in terms of various factors including the target group for implementation, the target level of implementation, as well as the previous knowledge of BIM (Becerik-Gerbe et al., 2010). Whether organizations are ready for BIM implementation, as well as the necessary steps of BIM adoption within the organizations, are still points of discussion. The research aim is the advancement of the BIM maturity in the Egyptian construction industry. Through specifying the current level and the target; a roadmap could be developed. The research based the creation of the roadmap to implement BIM on the input from the assessment of the Egyptian construction market nowadays that was adopted. A survey was conducted to measure the readiness of the construction industry to BIM as well as the target level of BIM implementation (Mahamadu, 2016). The developed roadmap is considered an initial initiative for a step-by step guide of necessary activities in the implementation of BIM adapted to the Egyptian construction industry. The developed framework could be further used in future research work as well. Based on the developed framework a detailed roadmap to implement BIM in Egypt could be developed.

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