Role-Based Human-Computer Interactions

Role-Based Human-Computer Interactions

Haibin Zhu (Nipissing University, Canada) and Ming Hou (Defence Research and Development Canada (DRDC) - Toronto, Canada)
DOI: 10.4018/jcini.2011040103
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With increased understanding of cognitive informatics and the advance of computer technologies, it is becoming clear that human-computer interaction (HCI) is an interaction between two kinds of intelligences, i.e., natural intelligence and artificial intelligence. This paper attempts to clarify interaction-related terminologies through step-by-step definitions, and discusses the nature of HCI, arguing that shared models are the most important aspect of HCI. This paper also proposes that a role-based interaction can be taken as an appropriate shared model for HCI, i.e., Role-Based HCI.
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2. Natural Intelligence And Artificial Intelligence

Although the term “intelligence” has been in use for a long time, a widely-accepted definition for the term does not seem to exist. Many researchers agree that “intelligence” or “natural intelligence” are terms used to describe a property of a person’s mind that encompasses many related abilities, such as the capacities to reason, plan, solve problems, think abstractly, comprehend ideas, use languages, and learn.

According to (, intelligence is defined as:

  • 1.

    A capacity for learning, reasoning, understanding, and similar forms of mental activity; aptitude in grasping truths, relationships, facts, meanings, etc.

  • 2.

    A manifestation of a high mental capacity.

  • 3.

    The faculty of understanding.

  • 4.

    Knowledge of an event, circumstance, etc., received or imparted; news; information.

  • 5.

    The gathering or distribution of information, esp. secret information.

  • 6.

    An interchange of information.

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