The Role of Green Economics in Sustainability

The Role of Green Economics in Sustainability

Viktória Törocsik (Szent István University, Hungary) and Zoltán Egri (Szent István University, Hungary)
Copyright: © 2012 |Pages: 8
DOI: 10.4018/ijsem.2012040105
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Abstract

The communal feature of the utilization of renewable energy sources, spread of technological innovations, and support of energy efficiency is that they all contribute to the sustainable development, the prosperous direction energy supply and through these to the creation of new workplaces. Hopefully in the future this will lead to economic growth, better competitiveness of the country, and the outset of rural planning. In the national respect from the renewable resources the exploitation of biomass, geothermal energy, wind, and solar energy can be guaranteed through the energy supply. As such, a suitable and extensive legal framework is needed, to ensure and track safe and clean energy. This study examines the important economic and environmental connection of the green economy.
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Introduction

During the following decades according to the forecasts there’s a chance of the double of global energy need because of the increasing of population and closing up of developing countries. Because of this the increase of renewable energy source rate has a great importance.

The necessity of utilization of these energy sources is considerable in the decrease of environmental pollution (soil, water, air), the reduction of emissions of greenhouse gases (CO2), (according to the Kyoto Protocol Hungary decreases the CO2 emission with 6% compared to the average of 1985-1987 to 2012) and in the reduction of fossil fuels.

While at the stock typed natural resources the quantity of resources means the limits of usefulness, until then at the flow typed the time period of availability and its intensity (Table 1). With the help of renewable natural resources beside the big energy output and supply system the generate of smaller local specific system, e.g., regional power plants can be realized what makes possible the operation of local energy need with the using of locally findable resources. For this the governmental and Union pretence is essential. With their help the structural change, back infrastructural development, support of renewable energy use and further modernise of agricultural plants (ÚMVP) can be carried out. For this first of all among the actors we need a union because the individual aims can be reached only through that. With the headway of different programmes some of our defaults can be caught up, e.g., adjustment of agriculture, job creation, raise of country, mentality change, with the spreading of lifelong learning the development of human capital and finally the effective production of renewable energy production and its utilization.

Table 1.
Rating of natural resources (adapted from Kerekes, 2009)
Non renewable (depletion)
natural resources
Renewable energy resources (RES)
• fossil energy resources
• other mineral treasures
• stock typed
- live biomass (fish, forest, air)
- field
- water system, atmosphere
• flow typed
- sunlight
- wind
- geothermal energy

The adaption of renewable energy sources and their spreading through the equipment of agriculture can give one of the significant points of Hungarian economy. Among adverse site conditions, e.g., the production of ligneous energy crops can be done. With this we can help the increasing of employment and local income production.

The Hungarian agriculture stands before the paradigm-shift of land use. First the agricultural – and forestry derivatives, after then the follows and unutilized grass must be used for energy and after the smaller part of better cereal productive territories but only insomuch what doesn’t hazard the food supply (Gergely, 2008).

The energy policy of EU says the increasing scaled utilization of renewable energy sources has a high priority on behalf of sustainable development, because according to the forecasts our energy import dependency and the environmental pollution greatly increase. This tendency is also illustrative of Hungary.

The legal system background and different supporting systems, e.g., agricultural, waste management and energy policy greatly form and affect the spreading of green energy. In the EU they decreed very early in 1974 about the development of energy saving policies.

The EU considers the energy policy the greatest in the struggle for the sustainability because the traffic and transport have the biggest role in the indication of greenhouse effect and global warming. Beside the energy efficiency improvement the more significant increasing the renewable energy balance has the same importance. The increasing has administrative and legal barriers many times. Nowadays we also face similar problems. On behalf of the development the decisions what were taken on these levels are very important.

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