Science Parks Approaches to Address Sustainability: A Qualitative Case Study of the Science Parks in Spain

Science Parks Approaches to Address Sustainability: A Qualitative Case Study of the Science Parks in Spain

Nuria E. Laguna (Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Madrid, Spain) and Gemma Durán-Romero (Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain)
DOI: 10.4018/IJSESD.2017070103

Abstract

Multiple Helix Model is the theoretical framework where reciprocal university-industry-government relationship constitutes a key element of the innovation process. In the centre of this model arise the Science Parks (SPs) as hybrid agents that, having a close relationship with university, promote technology transfer and innovative entrepreneurship, with a legal framework defined by the public sector. The aim of this article is to analyse the link between SPs and sustainability under the hypothesis that they might become drivers of sustainability. A qualitative analysis of a sample of 12 Spanish SPs has been conducted. It concludes that SPs have high potential as sustainable knowledge facilitators and a proactive attitude in relation to environmental commitment, although there is still room for enhancements in their sustainability approaches. This study highlights the potential of STPs as facilitators of sustainable practices and also presents theoretical implications for future research linking Quintuple Helix Model and sustainable entrepreneurial strategies.
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From Triple To Quintuple Helix: Innovation And Sustainability

Triple Helix (TH) is the framework of reciprocal university-industry-government relationships for the creation and the exchange of knowledge (Etzkowitz and Leydesdorff, 2000a) that provides an instrument to promote the innovation at a regional or national level (Chuyan, 2011). In this model of knowledge and innovation, each helix fulfils its traditional function: universities provide with creative researchers, companies transform research and creativity into products and innovation and governments contribute with legislation and financial support. In addition, one helix can also play the role of each other. Interaction and reciprocity between the three different spheres becomes key elements of the innovation process (Dzisah and Etzkowitz, 2008). TH model emphasizes on higher education and business as drivers of the innovation process, that is, it takes the perspective of the knowledge economy (Carayannis et al., 2012).

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