Shaping India's Future by Building Smart Future Sustainable Cities

Shaping India's Future by Building Smart Future Sustainable Cities

Vinay Kandpal (University of Petroleum and Energy Studies, Dehradun, India)
Copyright: © 2018 |Pages: 12
DOI: 10.4018/IJEGR.2018100103
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India is confronting a surge in urban population in recent decades. This article is an endeavor to talk about the key issues to build future urban cities and to redeveloping existing infrastructure in existing urban areas. Further, the article discusses the difficulties in financing smart city projects in India. The government of India, under the leadership of PM Mr. Narendra Modi, has propelled a strong eagerness with the Smart City Mission in 2015 which has the sole objective of giving a better quality of life to the citizens of the country. Steps are being initiated by government for the transformation of over 100 cities into smart future cities. The present nature of government silos will represent a noteworthy test in the execution of urban development projects. To motivate and attract the increased private sector participation and investment in infrastructure projects it would be beneficial if the government funding were linked to the effort of developing projects as PPP.
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1. Introduction

A Smart City is where resources are invested in the intellectual capital and innovative infrastructural projects to improve the quality of life and increase their satisfaction and prosperity (Caragliu & Nijkamp, 2011). Smart City is a multifaceted, multi-technical approach that covers a wide range of cities and requires a number of initiatives (Dameri, 2017). The aim of Smart City is to improve existing or developing new cities which includes management of natural and municipal resources and in turn the quality of life of their citizens. A city can be considered compatible with the idea of the Smart City if it “systematically uses available data, communication technologies, and resource-saving technologies to reduce their consumption and to continuously improve the quality of life of citizens or increase the competitiveness of local economies. The smart city is an application of the Internet of Things (IoT) notion. Unceasing growth of population and urbanization have intensified innovative ways to handle urbanization with minimal impact on the environment, citizen lifestyles, and governance. Smart governance is a key factor within the smart cities panorama when analyzing the successful implementation of smart strategies (Meijer & Bolívar, 2016). On top of their individual smart city projects, many cities take part in smart city networks where best practices are shared and promoted among their members on different aspects, including smart governance. To accommodate the expanding population of the country, new areas will also be developed around the already existing cities. A smart city will be the one which will be able to use technology, information and data to improve infrastructure and services. It will also focus on employment and that the poor and the disadvantaged have some source of income (Agrawal and Doshi, 2016). Economic growth is undoubtedly the capstone component of improving urban quality of life. A smart city is accessible, financially sound, attracts business, and provides a rich social fabric in an environment where people want to live and work. The concept of the smart city is giving the answer to making the cities more efficient & sustainable. It is quite popular in the policy field in recent years. During the 1990's the development of the information technologies was at the peak level and people felt that new technologies can produce new forms of productions, markets, society organization, industries, business districts, residential districts and so on. The term smart city has become more and more widespread in the field of urban planning. Urban planners could give the fundamental direction for making cities smart by using smart devices and smart concepts (Galderisi, 2013). Although smart city services in general and smart parking, in particular, are driven by advanced information technologies, their success is highly dependent on the engagement of citizens as potential service users (Peng, 2015).

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