Smart Grid Implementation of the Industrial Sector: A Case of Economic Dispatch

Smart Grid Implementation of the Industrial Sector: A Case of Economic Dispatch

Amam Hossain Bagdadee (Hohai University, Nanjing, China) and Li Zhang (Hohai University, Nanjing, China)
Copyright: © 2019 |Pages: 14
DOI: 10.4018/IJEOE.2019100101

Abstract

In the development of smart grid solutions, the contribution of industrial consumers is prime essential to ensure the energy system transformation. The present article introduces a covenant with the implementation of an economic dispatch (ED) in the electrical framework with the smart grid. The proposed ED strategy is comprised of two steps; the first step includes the swarm optimization technique of energy ED with the net loss of the power system and the second step consists of an ED that considers the cutoff points of system security. The prime goal of the second step is to minimize the net loss and the foundation development of the generator cost function. The test framework is comprised of four generators with one battery storage apparatus that considers the energy demand. The ED will perform for 24 hours. The test results show that the two-step ED technique not only reduces system losses but also the fuel consumption of the system as well. This article gives ideas to the industrial consumers to implement a smart grid in the industrial sector.
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Introduction

Smart grid, a modern energy framework, incorporates propelled control, communications, storage, demand response, innovation identification in the power grid. A smart metering structure is essential for providing management effectiveness and getting assessment information with data. Equally, the estimate of the inquiry as determining innovation assumes a vital part of the smart grid and the energy generation process. The existing methods of electricity generation have contributed significantly to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and future climate change (Sutanto, 2011; Samad & Kiliccote, 2012). In intelligent System, Demand-side Management (DSM) is possible innovations to keep up the constant energy regulate in the deregulated power market. It approved that the demand response can modify the traditional power supply into a more reliable and economically supervised smart grid (Santacana, Rackliffe, Tang & Feng, 2010). Nowadays, Smart grid faces good environmental, financial and operational challenges. To overcome the issues the modern network must be modernized operating innovations to enhance the reliability, efficiency, safety permanently, and quality of power delivered (Brooks, Lu, Reicher, Spirakis & Weihl, 2010). Also, the new systems have to consider the environment using the generation of sustainable development, particularly in the power distribution system to reduce carbon footprint fundamentally. Also, this grid must be more interactive for the consumer, allowing the consumer to control and assess energy use with current development. This grid is called an intelligent network or intelligent system (Banosa, Manzano-Agugliarob, Montoyab, Gila, Alcayde & Gomezc, 2011). The investment of industrial consumers in the smart power system is fundamental for the liberal energy expand and the flexible nature of the energy usage of Smart grid innovation (Ilic, Xie, Joo et al., 2011). Therefore, the dynamic awareness of the industrial consumer in improving the intelligent planning of the power system is essential to ensure the alteration of the future energy framework. While the 'Smart Grid' is supposed terms and the combination of sustainable generation into the power system, have involved in a lot of research enthusiasm over the previous decade. There are still many issues regarding consumers’ needs (Hou, Zhou, Zhang & He, 2011; Alvial-Palavicino, Garrido-Echeverria, Jimenez-Estevez, Reyes & Palma-Behnke, 2011). The analysis of appropriate controls that uses and expand on existing control instruments in the power grid. Security, economy, and reliability are dependably the principal focal point of the operation of energy framework regardless of whether the power production is experiencing enormous changes everywhere throughout the world (Brooks, Lu, Reicher, Spirakis & Weihl, 2010). A few techniques have been proposed to settle the protected and ED of energy frameworks in the industrial sector using the Smart grid. Recent research regarding consumers’ adoption of smart grids reveals consumers’ positive attitude toward smart grid technologies (Banosa, Manzano-Agugliarob, Montoyab et al., 2011).

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