Studies on Utilizing the Three Famous International Index Systems to Evaluate Scientific Research Level of Higher Learning Institutions

Studies on Utilizing the Three Famous International Index Systems to Evaluate Scientific Research Level of Higher Learning Institutions

Xun Liu (Beijing University of Technology, China), Changyu Huang (Beijing University of Technology and Chinese Academy of Sciences, China), Wei-Liang Qian (Beijing University of Technology, China) and Yong-Chang Huang (Beijing University of Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences and CCAST, China)
DOI: 10.4018/jsita.2011040105
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Abstract

Science Citation Index (SCI), The Engineering Index (EI), and Index to Scientific & Technical Proceeding (ISTP) are widely accepted and used to evaluate the scientific research level of higher learning institutions by many countries’ science and technology field currently. After research, the authors point out the blemishes in this method and put forward the problems that need to be noticed, and then, under current conditions, bring forward brand-new standards and methods to estimate research level, efficiency, and fund exploitation. One shouldn’t over-emphasize the total amount of papers collected in SCI, EI & ISTP when evaluating the scientific research level of higher learning institutions, whereas using ‘comprehensive factor’ analysis method can make it more scientific and efficient.
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Problems Of Using The Sci Etc. To Evaluate The Research Efficiency Of Higher Learning Institutions

Currently, science & technology field and higher learning institutions of many counties pay great attentions to the papers collected by SCI, EI and ISTP. After researches, one can notice that, under the situation that the developments of periodicals are fast and their quantities are also improved continuously, there are some mistakes existing in the understanding of science and technology field and library & information field of many counties for SCI, EI & ISTP.

The statistics of quoted articles offered by SCI, EI & ISTP is very reliable and scientific to serve as the basis of estimating academic achievements. It provides firm basis for evaluating the science & technology level of scientific research organizations. But it should be noticed that there are still some disadvantages in SCI, EI & ISTP. The conception of quoted articles in SCI, EI and ISTP is based on the assumption that the authors have absorbed and used the references. However, the complexity and variability of motivation in quoting references make the assumption less rigorous. Therefore, there exist some uncertain reasons in estimating system of SCI EI, and ISTP which are completely founded on quoting analysis.

As well, it is inevitable that there are some problems in using SCI, EI and ISTP to estimate the scientific research level of scientific research organization and universities. On one hand, this method inspires many universities to make better researches and, as a result, the level of science & technology has been increased. It makes a firm foundation for universities’ modernization and internationalization. At the same time, it has aroused great impacts in the society that universities are graded according to the total number of articles embodied by SCI, EI & ISTP. However, researches have already proved that although it has some rationality in level grading of universities in this method and has been checked by several years’ practice, it still has some disadvantages.

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