Study on Labour Force in Romanian Agriculture

Study on Labour Force in Romanian Agriculture

Maria Nica (The Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Bucharest, Romania)
Copyright: © 2018 |Pages: 9
DOI: 10.4018/IJSEM.2018040104

Abstract

This article describes how in the current context, there are many opinions in Romania which lead to the claim that there is no longer a labour force in agriculture, especially the seasonal labour force. In the present article, it is desirable to analyse the dynamics of the agricultural labour force in recent years as well as to determine the current level, but also its productivity. Thus, with the data collected from the national, European and international databases on the total population, indicators such as the active population, the employed population, the share in the total labour force, as well as the unemployed and the unemployment rate were analysed. In order to determine labour productivity, total agricultural production is analysed along with the indicators presented above. At the end of the study, the author also analyses the earnings of the population working in agriculture, trying to determine how this indicator influences the workforce in this sector of the national economy.
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Material And Method

In order to accomplish this paper, we analyzed data taken from national databases in order to evaluate the objective of this study. Thus, the total population, labor resources, active population, employed population and the unemployed population were analyzed. These indicators were analyzed dynamically for the period 2010-2016.

The following formulas were used to determine the indicators analyzed:

  • POC = S + P + Lcp + Lfn, where,

  • POC = civil employment

  • S = employees

  • P = employer

  • Lcp = self employed

  • Lfn = contributing family workers

  • PAC = POC + Ș

  • PAC = economically active population

  • Ș = unemployed

Results And Discussions

In order to determine the population structure by residence area, the total population and its evolution, in the reference period, were analyzed in urban and rural areas.

Figure 1

. Population structure by residence area. Source: www.insse.ro.

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