Technology and Development: Universalizing Access to and Protection of Information and Communication Technology

Technology and Development: Universalizing Access to and Protection of Information and Communication Technology

Qerim Qerimi (Harvard University, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/jsesd.2012010101

Abstract

As many features of modern digital information and online communications are transcending and transforming the traditional modes of interaction and identity, so is transformed the need for addressing these new features in ways that conform to pertinent realities. A great deal of human events and experiences are likely to occur in ways different from those seen in the pre-digital era. Having witnessed a number of such events and experiences, the next stage is action and understanding. As the potential for change and development, associated with information and communication technology (ICT), is getting fame, its use is bearing fruits, and global internet population constantly increased, so is the demand for enabling equal, wider access, and protection. This article is thus concerned with two fundamental questions: how to universalize access to ICT, and how to protect it from abuse, censorship and restriction. These questions are predominantly explored from the lenses of international law.
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2. Ict: Definition, Development, Diffusion, Deficiencies, And Revolution

This part conceptualizes or clarifies the notion of information and communication technology (“ICT”). It offers some insights on the interface between the ICT and development. In that connection, it applies the role of ICT in the context of Arab revolutions, aiming to shed light on the concrete effects and manifestations of the ICT in contemporary world public order. Having been described as an activity that occurs or “exists above the state, below the state, and through the state” (Slaughter, 2009, p. 95), the aim is to also discern the meaning and operation of the ICT in relation to the sovereign sphere.

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