The Internet of Things: Enabling Artificial Intelligence

The Internet of Things: Enabling Artificial Intelligence

Mohamed A. Eltayeb (Bellevue University, Bellevue, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/IJHIoT.2018010101

Abstract

In recent years, the Internet of Things (IoT) has become an increasingly prominent concept, and the benefits associated with this technology are seemingly limitless. The interest in the IoT stems from its elasticity and scalability and scholars, researchers, and investors alike are increasingly turning their attention to how best to harness this powerful concept. One area that has become of specific interest relates to the vast amount of data that is generated by the sensors that form the diverse networks that sit at the core of the IoT. More and more opportunities to collate and harness this data are emerging, and the collection of intelligence can be of significant value politically, economically, and socially. This article hence examines some of the ways in which the IoT can be employed to advance the artificial intelligence (AI). Furthermore, this article presents and discusses the limitations of the current systems and propose recommendations for the future direction.
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The Internet Of Everything

The IoT has boundless potential. In its current form, the IoT consists of vast numbers of interconnected sensors that are embedded into everyday objects and systems that are subsequently distributed across a wide geographical and virtual web (Xia et al., 2012). These sensors are connected to one another via a virtual network that facilitates the collation and transmission of data (Eltayeb, 2017). The sheer reach and potential of the IoT and cloud computing in terms of its ability to facilitate communication and increase interaction entails that it holds significant potential for humanity on a social and industrial level. Figure 1 provides an overview of Internet of Things abstract concept.

Figure 1.

IoT - abstract concept illustration

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What Is The Iot?

The IoT is a complex network of embedded sensors and other physical components that exchange data. It was initially conceived as a means of establishing a link between the virtual world and physical objects; however, since its introduction in 1999, its usage has become so wide and diverse that it is now an integral element of contemporary life. To understand the IoT better, it can be useful to think of it as a smart city. The city spans the world, and every basic component within it is connected to each other and is aware of what one another is doing and how it is functioning.

The IoT is in a continual state of evolution and has practical applications in a vast array of technologies, functions, and industries. In fact, its applications are becoming so widely spread that scholars predict sensors will be embedded in almost all everyday objects in the future. According to Maier (2016), the IoT market is extremely promising and will reach a value of up to $11.1 Trillion by 2025. The following subsections will examine the key concepts that underpin IoT technologies and assess the ways in which they facilitate the acquisition of intelligence.

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