Theoretical Perspectives on Understanding Gender-Based Violence

Theoretical Perspectives on Understanding Gender-Based Violence

Jeffrey Kurebwa (Bindura University of Science Education, Zimbabwe)
Copyright: © 2021 |Pages: 13
DOI: 10.4018/IJPAE.2021010102
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This study focuses on the various theoretical perspectives that have been developed by various scholars to understand gender-based violence (GBV). These theories are very important as they influence on the interventions that can be taken to reduce GBV. The following nine theoretical perspectives will be discussed in this article: psychological, sociological, feminism, exchange, resources, stress, economic exclusion, intersectional, and ecological. This study will look at the strength and weaknesses of all the theoretical perspectives.
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Theories are important because they influence the actions chosen to address Gender Based Violence (GBV) and frame the general understanding of a social issue (Bowman, 2002; Jasinski, 2001). Understanding the causes of GBV is important for those who seek to prevent, predict, or intervene to avert the occurrence of violence within intimate relationships (Cunningham, 1998). GBV which is also termed Violence against Women (VAW) is a field where the link between theory and practice has been quite explicit (Holtzworth-Monroe & Saunders, 1996). Theory development has proceeded from a wide range of disciplines including criminology, law, psychiatry, psychology, public health, social work, sociology, and women’s studies (Jasinksi, 2001; O’Neil, 1998).

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