Tool for E-Health Preparedness Assessment in the Context of an Influenza Pandemic

Tool for E-Health Preparedness Assessment in the Context of an Influenza Pandemic

Junhua Li, Pradeep Ray, Aishwarya Bakshi, Holly Seale, Raina MacIntyre
Copyright: © 2013 |Pages: 16
DOI: 10.4018/jehmc.2013040102
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E-Health applications may mitigate the impact of a pandemic by facilitating disease surveillance and control activities, and improving performance of medical practices. The implementation of these applications requires proper planning and management. E-Health preparedness assessment represents an important step in change management, and including this step in its planning stage may increase the chances of its implementation success. This article presents a three-phase methodology that was developed and utilised in a collaborative project on E-Health preparedness assessment in the context of an influenza pandemic. Based on this project, a software tool set was newly developed to partially automate the assessment process.
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E-Health implementations represent a disruptive change in the healthcare workplace. Change occurs not simply due to the introduction of ICT infrastructure but also because the job design of interconnected health professionals should be re-engineered to effectively and efficiently accommodate the technology (Ford et al., 2006). Consequently, E-Health applications may fail due to organisational incapability to undergo the transformation during the implementation and/or resistance to change at the individual level (Jennett et al., 2004). The implementation of any information system in an organisational context requires proper planning and management for change (Callioni, 2006). Prior to E-Health implementation, a number of issues need to be assessed and addressed in the organisational context. As argued by Li et al., (2012), without healthcare providers’ dissatisfaction with the status quo and sufficient organisational resources required to support steps for change, a clinical ICT innovation would not succeed.

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