Understanding Work-Related Stress, Job Conditions, Work Culture and Workaholism Phenomenon as Predictors of HR Crisis: An Empirical Study of the Indian IT Sector

Understanding Work-Related Stress, Job Conditions, Work Culture and Workaholism Phenomenon as Predictors of HR Crisis: An Empirical Study of the Indian IT Sector

Shivani Pandey (Jaypee Institute of Information technology, Noida, India) and Vinky Sharma (Jaypee Institute of Information technology, Noida, India)
DOI: 10.4018/IJHCITP.2016040105
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Abstract

Workaholism, in recent years, has taken a regular behaviour pattern among professionals. While self-negligence is assumed as a hallmark of workaholism, empirical data in this case stands to be both narrow and paradoxical. It seems that the uprising economy and the fierce market competition have prompted organizations in rewarding those employees whom they find are keen in working hard for a career. The modern developments like high speed data connections add more to this belief, as this makes possible for the employees who would like to work at any place and at any given point of time. These day-to-day advancements may likely kindle employees to work long hours. Some employees work exceptionally for long hours with passion, just for the fun of it. However, working stretched hours might be an indication of work obsession: an irrepressible liking for work. To further understand the impact of such situation, this study has made a modest effort in exploring the relationship between workaholism, perceived work-related stress, different job conditions and intensifying anxiety among IT professionals in Delhi/NCR. The sampling procedure for the study was purposive. Result of the study found workaholism to be imperative in explicating work culture and work conditions as predictors of stress and anxiety at work. Moreover, the study would prove helpful to academia and industry professionals to understand the workaholic behaviour of the IT professionals in the new phase of globalization and economic boom.
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Stress

Stress, over the years, has been defined in diverse ways. Formerly, it was regarded as some kind of pressure from the environment which later on turned into strain within the individual (Shimazu & Schaufeli, 2007). An extreme mode of stress can hinder productivity and impact one’s physical and mental health. It can also threaten the individuals as well as organisations from attainment of goals.

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