Urban Planning 2.0

Urban Planning 2.0

Ari-Veikko Anttiroiko (University of Tampere, Finland)
Copyright: © 2012 |Pages: 15
DOI: 10.4018/ijepr.2012010103
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Abstract

This article addresses the challenges to urban planning, which is a social activity that affects the development of urban communities and helps them to cope with the challenges posed by the global-local and real-virtual dialectic. The approach to planning is influenced by an emerging creativity and knowledge-sharing culture that has an inherent connection to global and digital transformations. Such a transformation is giving urban planning a new look, which is depicted in the concept of Urban Planning 2.0. In this article this paradigm shift is explained and illustrated with a special view to identifying the ways Web 2.0 tools can be utilised in urban planning. The fundamental question emerging in the critical evaluation of Urban Planning 2.0 is how citizen-oriented practices of Planning 2.0 relate to formal decision-making within the representative system of government and professionally and technocratically oriented planning practices of city governments. There is some evidence to suggest that the new Web 2.0 tools make the difference in open, inclusive and creative contexts, where their optimal deployment requires a paradigm shift in urban governance and planning.
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City 2.0 As An Expression Of Urban Transformation

City 2.0 is used here as a concept that depicts something essential in the changing orientations and practices in urban life. Its roots are in the idea of Web 2.0, but as a concept it is much richer and broader in scope. In essence, City 2.0 combines social, technological, democratic and sustainable aspects of urban life revolving around innovative and democratic urban governance. It must be conceded that City 2.0 is a vague concept. It is often used metaphorically to refer to a new urban paradigm, which may in concrete terms be about new urban design, new planning methods, new governance style, local environmentalism, creative city developments, innovative forms of local participatory democracy or the like. What are usually included in the core of City 2.0 are such principles as innovativeness, social inclusion, community orientation and the social network approach.

At a rather general level City 2.0 indicates the changing role of cities in a globalising world. City governments need to define local development strategies which help to attract and utilise local and external resources in an optimal way to the benefit of the urban community. Such an urban community with close connections to the space of flows and with a capability for adjusting local economic, political and socio-cultural structures and processes to contextual changes can be called a networked city.

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