Women's in Leadership Position “Issues and Challenges”

Women's in Leadership Position “Issues and Challenges”

Getachew Alebachew Mekonnen (Department of Governances and Development Studies, Bahir Dar University, Ethiopia)
Copyright: © 2019 |Pages: 14
DOI: 10.4018/IJPAE.2019010102

Abstract

Women face multi-faceted challenges in participating in management position due to different factors. The purpose of this study is to investigate factors that affect participation of women in leadership positions in Bahir dar city administration. To address this objective, the study adopted mixed research methods with descriptive survey design. A total of 190 women public civil servants were taken as a sample. Moreover, a key informant interview with women in leadership positions was conducted. In addition, FGD were also a very important data-gathering instrument for this study. The findings revealed that there are three major factors for women's low participation in leadership positions, i.e. institutional, socio-cultural and individual factors. Those factors have decisive contributions for low participation of women in leadership positions. With proper implementation of women's policies in the organization, equal treatment during assignment leadership positions, and creating awareness in society that woman are capable for leadership positions.
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Literature Review

Leadership is a process by which one person influences the thoughts, attitudes, and behaviors of others (Yalem, 2011). Leaders set a direction for the rest of us; they help us see what lies ahead; they help us visualize what we might achieve; they encourage us and inspire us. Leadership is the ability to get other people to do something significant that they might not otherwise do. It’s energizing people toward a goal. Yukl (2006) defines leadership as:

The process of influencing others to understand and agree about what needs to be done and how to do it, as well as the process of facilitating individual and collective efforts to accomplish shared objectives.

Davis and Newstrom (1989) defined; leadership as the process of encouraging and helping others to work enthusiastically toward objectives. It is the human factor that helps a group identify where it is going and then motivates it towards its goals. Without leadership, an organization would be only a gathering of people and machines, just as an orchestra without a conductor would be only musicians and instrument. The orchestra and all other organizations require leadership to develop their precious assets to their fullest capacity.

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