Xenobots: A Remarkable Combination of an Artificial Intelligence-Based Biological Living Robot

Xenobots: A Remarkable Combination of an Artificial Intelligence-Based Biological Living Robot

Elangovan Ramanujam, Rasikannan L., Anandhalakshmi P. A., Nashwa Ahmad Kamal
Copyright: © 2022 |Pages: 11
DOI: 10.4018/IJSKD.289038
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Technology is improving day by day and every new face of it is engrossing, making applied science astonishment. Robotics and Artificial Intelligence have taken the world beyond automation. Automation was once considered as a challenge, but now the same technology has stunned the whole world, with the transformation of vision to the reality of live cell robots. In this modern era, evolutionary algorithms with Artificial Intelligence have made an impact on the automation and the creation of rare live-cell species by integrating biological aspects of frog cells. It would be thus useful in various domains to build technologies using self-renewing, and biocompatible materials of which the ideal candidates are living themselves. Thus, this paper presents a live cell robot named Xenobots, its design method, formation, applications, and transformation of live cell robots to humanoid robots that mimic the human brain.
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Evolution Of Robots

We have come a long way to the age of Artificial Intelligence. Decades ago, humans thought of autonomous machines for their domestic errands and industrial applications are very popular (Kanayama et al, 1990). Following back, the industrial revolution has planted the seeds for the development of robots, however the vision of robots traces back to the ancient world of mechanism. The discovery of robots is a hallmark in the history of mankind. It is an evolution to be thought off, from the single task machine to a digitally marked artificial servant. In general, the robots are the combination of science fiction and real life engineering technology. As like an Egyptian water clock (Cotterell et al, 1986), the robots have crossed several phases of structure such as progress, design and variations to the state-of-the-art robots driven by AI concepts. Dated after the Egyptian clocks, a second remarkable robot was built by Archytas, a bird-like machine that could be propelled into the air using steam (Merz, 1992).

Leonardo Da Vinci's sketch of the robot (Yates et al, 2011), analytical engine and automata kick started a new era in the history of robotics. The first industrial robots were created around the 1950s. The Unimate, Shakey etc. were designed for specialized industrial applications (Speck et al, 2017). The demand for autonomous machines in the service market has led to the burgeoning robotics field. Growing population, industrialization, increased investments has paved the way for use of robots for lucrative opportunities. Development of live cell robots (Ball, 2020; Popa, 2020 and Fields and Levin, 2020), first in the history of mankind, is yet another marvel to be thought off, beyond one's wildest dreams.

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