Biocomputation and Biomedical Informatics: Case Studies and Applications

Biocomputation and Biomedical Informatics: Case Studies and Applications

Athina A. Lazakidou (University of Peloponnese, Greece)
Release Date: November, 2009|Copyright: © 2010 |Pages: 356
ISBN13: 9781605667683|ISBN10: 1605667684|EISBN13: 9781605667690|DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60566-768-3

Description

Recent improvements in healthcare delivery due to innovative technological advancements have redefined fields of biomedical science now allowing for enhanced information management, resource allocation, and quality assurance.

Biocomputation and Biomedical Informatics: Case Studies and Applications provides a compendium of terms, definitions, and explanations of concepts, processes, and acronyms in this significant medical field of study. Featuring chapters authored by leading international experts, this unsurpassed collection provides a defining body of research indispensible to medical libraries, researchers, and institutions worldwide.

Topics Covered

The many academic areas covered in this publication include, but are not limited to:

  • Biocomputation in molecular structural biology
  • Biomedical informatics application
  • Computer-aided tissue engineering
  • Crystallographic computing
  • Electronic Health Records
  • Gene therapy
  • Human DNA base excision repair
  • In silico protein engineering approach
  • Pervasive health care services and technologies
  • Telemedicine and tele-homecare
  • Thermography based breast cancer analysis

Reviews and Testimonials

This publication is an excellent source of comprehensive knowledge and literature on the topic of Distributed Health, Biocomputation and Biomedical Informatics.

– Athina A. Lazakidou, University of Peloponnese, Greece

Table of Contents and List of Contributors

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Preface

TENTATIVE

Biomedical Informatics is the scientific field that deals with the storage, retrieval, sharing, and optimal use of biomedical information, data, and knowledge for problem solving and decision making. It touches on all basic and applied fields in biomedical science and is closely tied to modern information technologies, notably in the areas of computing and communication. Biomedical informatics applications may be used for decision support, quality assurance, assistance in research studies, and resource allocation.

Biomedical Imaging Informatics defines the role of medical imaging and related technologies within the context of medical informatics decision support and improvement of patient care and outcome. The scope of biomedical imaging covers data acquisition, image reconstruction, and image analysis, involving theories, methods, systems, and applications. While tomographic and post-processing techniques become increasingly sophisticated, traditional and emerging modalities play more and more critical roles in anatomical, functional, cellular, and molecular imaging. The overall goal of the "Handbook of Research on Biocomputation and Biomedical Informatics: Case Studies and Applications" is to promote research and development of biomedical imaging by publishing high-quality research articles and reviews in this rapidly growing interdisciplinary field.

Private and public research efforts worldwide are developing nanoproducts aimed at improving health care and advancing medical research. Some of these products have entered the marketplace, more are on the verge of doing so, and others remain more a vision that a reality. The potential for these innovations is enormous, but questions remain about their long-term safety and the risk–benefit characteristics of their usage.

Comparative analysis of genomes allows the rich source of biological genome sequence data to be most efficiently exploited. However, the rate at which microbial genomes are being sequenced is increasing rapidly. Soon the volume of data will put comparative analyses beyond the capability of the computing resources of most individual laboratories. The advent of Grid technology promises to provide resources for computation, data integration and collaboration in a way that is not addressed in current distributed computing technologies. Grid computing has therefore been identified as having major potential benefits for bioinformatics, particularly in the area of genome analysis and comparative genomics.

Improvements in healthcare delivery in recent years are rooted in the continued industry-wide investment in information technology and the expanding role of medical informatics. The main goal of this new publication is to provide innovative and creative ideas for improving communication environments in health and to explore all new technologies in medical informatics and health care delivery systems.

"Biocomputation and Biomedical Informatics: Case Studies and Applications" provides a compendium of terms, definitions and explanations of concepts, processes and acronyms. Additionally, this volume features short papers authored by leading experts offering an in-depth description of key terms and concepts related to different areas, issues and trends in various areas of Biocomputation, Bioinformatics, and Biomedical Technologies.

The topics of this book cover useful areas of general knowledge including Information and Communication Technologies related to Health, New Developments in Distributed Applications and Interoperable Systems, Applications and Services, Biocomputation, Bioinformatics, and Biomedical Technologies, Software environments for Biocomputation, Bioinformatics, and Biomedical Applications, Bioimaging and Biosensing Applications, Biocomputation and Knowledge Management in Drug Discovery and Developmens, Key Aspects, Components and Applications of Systems Biology, Biocomputation and Nanotechnology for Personalized Medicine, Data and Knowledge Mining in Biomedical Research, Modelling and Simulation in Biomedical Research, Computer Applications in Biomedicine, Health Care and Medicine.

This book is an excellent source of comprehensive knowledge and literature on the topic of Distributed Health, Biocomputation and Biomedical Informatics.

All of us who worked on the book hope that readers will find it useful.

    Athina A. Lazakidou, Ph.D
    Editor

Author(s)/Editor(s) Biography

Athina Lazakidou currently works at the University of Peloponnese, Department of Nursing (Greece) as a lecturer in health informatics, and at the Hellenic Naval Academy as a visiting lecturer in informatics. She worked as a visiting lecturer at the Department of Computer Science at the University of Cyprus (2000-2002) and at the Department of Nursing at the University of Athens (2002-2007). She completed her undergraduate studies at the Athens University of Economics and Business (Greece) and received her BSc in computer science in 1996. In 2000, she received her PhD in medical informatics from the Department of Medical Informatics, University Hospital Benjamin Franklin at the Free University of Berlin (Germany). She is also an internationally known expert in the field of computer applications in health care and biomedicine, with six books and numerous papers to her credit. She was also editor of the Handbook of Research on Informatics in Healthcare and Biomedicine and Handbook of Research on Distributed Medical Informatics and E-Health, the best authoritative reference sources for information on the newest trends and breakthroughs in computer applications applied to healthcare and biomedicine. Her research interests include health informatics, e-learning in medicine, software engineering, graphical user interfaces, (bio)medical databases, clinical decision support systems, hospital and clinical information systems, electronic medical record systems, telematics, and other Web-based applications in healthcare and biomedicine.