Dental Computing and Applications: Advanced Techniques for Clinical Dentistry

Dental Computing and Applications: Advanced Techniques for Clinical Dentistry

Andriani Daskalaki (Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics, Germany)
Indexed In: SCOPUS
Release Date: April, 2009|Copyright: © 2009 |Pages: 406
ISBN13: 9781605662923|ISBN10: 1605662925|EISBN13: 9781605662930|DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60566-292-3

Description

Over the last 40 years, dental informatics has implemented numerous technological advancements and discoveries to become a medical research discipline of significant scale and scope.

Dental Computing and Applications: Advanced Techniques for Clinical Dentistry presents the latest technological applications and advanced research findings of computing in clinical dentistry. This book leads students and advanced researchers to an understanding of current ideas in the analysis of dental data and provides an overview on searching for evidence-based medical and dental information on the Web.

Topics Covered

The many academic areas covered in this publication include, but are not limited to:

  • Dental biomaterials
  • Dental implantology
  • Dental radiography
  • Electronic Health Records
  • Implant research
  • Rapid prototyping and dental applications
  • Software support in clinical dentistry
  • Software support in oral surgery
  • Tissue engineering of teeth
  • Virtual reality dental simulator

Reviews and Testimonials

"This book provides information for both informatic researchers and also medical doctors in obtaining a greater understanding of the concepts, issues, problems, trends, challenges and opportunities related to this field of study."

– Andriani Daskalaki, Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics, Germany

"Forty-one international academics, researchers, and practitioners from a diversity of fields...contribute 18 chapters examining advances in the application of computer and information science in dental practice, research, and program administration.

– Book News Inc. (June 2009)

This comprehensive, near-400-page, work is divided into five main sections and then sub-divided into shorter chapters.

– British Dental Association (February 2010)

Table of Contents and List of Contributors

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Preface

Computer and Information Technology, have transformed society and will continue to do so in the future. An increasing number of dentists use a variety of computer technologies, including digital intraoral cameras and paperless patient records. The topic dental computing is related to the application of computer and information science in dentistry. Dental computing produce an increasing number of applications and tools for clinical practice. Dental computing support research and education, and improvements in these areas translate into improved patient care. Dentists must keep up with these developments to make informed choices. Dental computing present possible solutions to many longstanding problems in dental practice, research, and program administration, but it also faces significant obstacles and challenges. The dental computing experts in this book conducted literature reviews and presented issues surrounding dental computing and its applications. The aim of the book is to gain insight into technological advances for dental practice, research and education. We aimed this book at the general dental clinician, the researcher and the computer scientist.

Organization of the book

The book is roughly divided into 5 sections:

Section One : “Software support in clinical dentistry” introduces the basic concepts in the use of computational tools in clinical dentistry. Chapter 1 starts with a brief introduction of geometric morphometric (GM) methods, including procrustes superimposition, principal component analysis. This chapter discusses the principles and guidelines of CT technology used in dentistry. Finally, the Viewbox software is described, a tool that enables practical application of sophisticated diagnostic and research methods in Orthodontics. Chapter 2 presents a toolchain including image segementation, registration and 3D visualization, that allows a time series analysis based on DICOM CT images. Chapter 3 describes the shrinkage concepts that will improve clinical understanding for management of shrinkage stress, and help design and assess polymerization shrinkage research. Chapter 4 describes a computer-controlled systems for registration the position of the mandible.

Section Two, “Software support in oral surgery” serves as a comprehensive introduction to computational methods supporting oral surgery. Chapter 5 discusses the requirement of an image analysis tool designed for dentistry and oral and maxillofacial surgery focussing on 3D-image data. Chapter 6 shows how large improvement in image quality can be obtained when radiographs are filtered using adequate statistical models. Chapter 7 provides information related to 3D reconstructions from few projections in Oral Radiology.

Section Three “Software support in tissue regeneration proceeders in dentistry” provides examples of application supporting research in regeneration dentistry. Chapter 8 deals with overcoming the drawbacks of the currently available tooth replacement techniques by tissue engineering, the success achieved in it at this stage and suggestions on the focus for future research. Chapter 9 introduces a cost-effective and fully automatic bacterial colony counter which accepts digital images as its input.

Section Four “Software support in dental implantology” describes informatic tools and techniques which can serve as a valuable aide to implantology procedures.In chapter 10 the author describes a new system for guided surgery in implantology. Chapter 11 summarizes latest results on developing software tools for improving imaging and graphical modelling techniques in computerized dental implatology. Chapter 12 cover published Finite Elements Analysis (FEA) literature on dental implant research in the material properties, simulation of bone properties and anatomy, mechanical behaviour of dental implant components, implant dimensions and shape, design and properties of prosthetic reconstructions, implant placement configurations, discussion on the limitations of FEA in the study of biological systems –recommendations for further research.

Section Five “Software support in clinical dental management and education” includes five chapters. Chapter 13 present a systematic review about EDRs (Electronic Dental Records), describe the currents status of availability of EDR systems, implementation and usage and establish a research agenda for EDR to pave the way for their rapid deployment. Chapter 14 describes the haptic dental simulator developed at the University of Illinois at Chicago. Chapter 15 describes a digital Library for dental biomaterials. Chapter 16 provide insight into the implementation of rapid prototyping technologies in medical and dental field. Chapter 17 describes the background and the application of the characters for human dentition to the exchange, storage and reuse of the history of dental diseases via e-mail and other means of electronic communication. In chapter 18 the authors focus on a virtual tooth drilling system whose aim is to aid dentists, dental students and researchers in getting acquainted with the handling of drilling instruments and the skills and challenges associated with cavity preparation procedures in endodontic therapy.

The book “Dental computing and applications: Advanced techniques in clinical dentistry contains text information, but also a glossary of terms and definitions, contributions from more than 36 international experts, in-depth analysis of issues, concepts, new trends, and advanced technologies in dentistry. While providing the information that is critical to an understanding of the basic of dental informatics, this edition focuses more directly and extensively than ever on applications of dental computing.

The diverse and comprehensive coverage of multiple disciplines in the field of dental computing in this book will contribute to a better understanding all topics, research, and discoveries in this evolving, significant field of study. This book provides information for both informatic researchers and also medical doctors in obtaining a greater understanding of the concepts, issues, problems, trends, challenges and opportunities related to this field of study.

In shaping this book, I committed myself to making the textbook as useful as possible to students and advanced researchers coping with the demands of modern medical research. I hope will make this book a helpful tool-not only for the student who needs an expert source of basic knowledge in dental informatics, but also for the advanced researcher who needs clear, concise, and balanced information on which to conduct his research

Author(s)/Editor(s) Biography

Andriani Daskalaki presently works in the field of molecular medicine and bioinformatics at the Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics in Berlin. She completed her PhD in 2002 on working in the applications of photodynamic therapy in the area of oral medicine from the Free University of Berlin. She received a two-year DAAD scholarship (1996-1998) for her research in the field of PDT. Dr. Daskalaki received a MS in Medical Informatics from TFH Berlin with her work in “Development of a documentation software for robot-assisted intraoral operations” and a MS degree in bioinformatics with her work in “Variance analysis of multifactor models in gene expression experiments with application to the identification of genetic markers for hypertension.” She received a poster prize for her participation in the International Photodynamic Association Meeting in Nantes. She is the editor of the “Handbook of Research on Systems Biology Applications in Medicine” and has presented many oral presentations at national and international meetings. She is a founding member and committee member of the Greek Dental Laser Association. Her research interest areas include systems biology, PDT, and laser applications in dentistry.

Indices

Editorial Board

  • Amit Chattopadhyay, College of Public Health & College of Dentistry, USA
  • Cathrin Dressler, Laser- und Medizin-Technologie GmbH, Germany
  • Demetrios J Halazonetis, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece
  • Petros Koidis, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece
  • Bernd Kordaß, Zentrum für Zahn-, Mund- und Kieferheilkunde, Germany
  • Athina A. Lazakidou, University of Peloponnese, Greece
  • Ralf J. Radlanski, Freie Universität Berlin, Germany
  • Ralf KW Schulze, Johannes Gutenberg Universität, Germany