Digital Forensics for the Health Sciences: Applications in Practice and Research

Digital Forensics for the Health Sciences: Applications in Practice and Research

Andriani Daskalaki (Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics, Germany)
Release Date: March, 2011|Copyright: © 2011 |Pages: 418
ISBN13: 9781609604837|ISBN10: 1609604830|EISBN13: 9781609604844|DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60960-483-7

Description

Digital forensics deals with the acquisition, preservation, analysis and presentation of electronic data. The detailed documentation and analysis of human data with 3D-imaging and processing techniques has led to qualitative improvements in forensic pathologic investigation and documentation.

Digital Forensics for the Health Sciences: Applications in Practice and Research discusses current applications of digital forensics in health sciences as well as the latest research in this area. This reference work covers basic concepts, best practices, common techniques, investigative challenges and, most importantly, examines the major limitations of current tools and discusses approaches that may help investigators deal with the ever-increasing size and complexity of forensic targets.

Topics Covered

The many academic areas covered in this publication include, but are not limited to:

  • Automating human identification
  • Dental age assessment of children and adults
  • Digital forensics best practices
  • Digitized medical images
  • Facial reconstruction
  • Forensic anthropology
  • Forensic odontology
  • Forensics statistics
  • Machine learning for clinical data processing
  • Vertebral morphometry in forensics

Reviews and Testimonials

The book, Digital Forensics for the Health Sciences: Applications in Practice, should be of great interest to forensic investigators throughout the world. Too often forensic scientists fail to look beyond their borders – in their discipline, their country, or their continent. This book crosses those borders and ties us all together.

– Robert E. Barsley, Director of Oral Health Resources, Community and Hospital Dentistry, New Orleans School of Dentistry

Dental analysis is particularly well covered in this book; the last third of the book is a detailed analysis of new methodologies in odontology.

– Jennifer Forsyth, MD, University of Kansas Medical Center. Doody's Book Review .

Table of Contents and List of Contributors

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Preface

Digital forensics deals with the acquisition, preservation, analysis and presentation of electronic data. The detailed documentation and analysis of human data with 3D-imaging and processing techniques has led to qualitative improvements in forensic pathologic investigation and documentation.

In the human genome are a considerable number of genetic variations. Modern DNA techniques apply powerful tools that enable the precise identification. Bioinformatics methods are applied to the analysis of large-scale gene expression data from high-throughput technologies like microarrays. These technologies provide information for thousands of genes in parallel and produce huge amount of data. Data-analysis tools are developed for processing and data mining of this data, and provide insights into complex biological and medical forensic questions.

Objective of the Book

This book provides current applications of digital forensics in health sciences as well as the latest research in this area. The book covers basic concepts, best practices, common techniques, investigative challenges in research. Most important, it also examines the major limitations of current tools and discusses approaches that may help investigators to deal with the ever-increasing size and complexity of forensics targets. These approaches cover a wide spectrum, from imaged-based authentication to high-throughput technologies for forensic analysis.

The target audience of this book will be composed of professionals and researchers working in the field of digital forensics as well as in health sciences. 

Organization of the Book 

The book is divided into 3 sections: 

Section One, “Digital Forensics - Best Practices in Medicine” introduces the basic concepts in the use of computational tools in medical forensics. Chapter 1 is an introductory chapter presenting the current tools and future concepts in forensic anthropology. Chapter 2 is focused on the application of laser scanning confocal imaging in forensics. The emphasis of Chapter 3 is on strength and limitations of data hiding techniques applied in medical images. Chapter 4 describes the use of the vertebral morphometry approach in Forensics, and Chapter 5 presents a computed-assisted method in facial reconstruction.

Section Two, “Basic research-a bridge to digital forensics” serves as a comprehensive introduction to computational methods supporting basic research. Chapter 6 provides a general overview on technologies applied to analyse gene expression data. Chapter 7 describes methods used for discrimitation traces of nucleic acids within a complex mixture of samples. Chapter 8 gives an extended analytical consideration of mathematical modelling in complex networks and Chapter 9 introduces the novel machine learning techniques applied in clinical data processing.

Section Three, “Digital forensics applications in dentistry” includes five chapters. Chapter 10 describes the use of digital photography in dentistry and forensic odontology, and the use of digital methods in the analysis and comparison of bite mark evidence. Chapter 11 presents a guide for dental age assessment in children and emerging adults. Chapter 12 presents a system for automating identification of people from dental X-ray images. Chapter 13 describes common anatomical variants of the temporomandibular articular surfaces in daily clinical practice. Chapter 14 reviews the application of statistical methods in forensics.

The book “Digital Forensics for the Health Sciences: Applications in Practice” contains text information, but also a glossary of terms and definitions, contributions from international experts, in-depth analysis of issues, concepts, new trends, and advanced technologies in digital forensics. This edition focuses more directly and extensively than ever on applications of digital forensics in medicine. 

Because of the diverse and comprehensive coverage of multiple disciplines in the field of medical digital forensics in this book, this book will contribute to a better understanding for current applications, research, and discoveries in this evolving, significant field. 

In shaping this book, I committed myself to making the textbook as useful as possible to forensics specialists, clinicians, as well as advanced researchers coping with the demands of modern medical research. 
I hope this book will be a helpful tool, not only for the medical doctor who needs an expert source of basic knowledge in digital forensics, but also for the computer scientist and biologist who need clear, concise, and balanced information on which to conduct their research. 

Thanks to a very hard-working advisory editorial board of scientists, excellent authors who fulfilled our invitations, and a very efficient publisher providing clear procedures and practices for a quality production, readers may now enjoy chapters on some of the major ideas that have concerned digital forensics and its applications in health sciences. 

Andriani Daskalaki 
Max Planck Institute, Berlin, Germany

References

Pollitt, Mark and Shenoi, Sujeet: Advances in Digital Forensics. 1. Auflage, Springer-Verlag: 2006

Author(s)/Editor(s) Biography

Andriani Daskalaki presently works in the field of molecular medicine and bioinformatics at the Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics in Berlin. She completed her PhD in 2002 on working in the applications of photodynamic therapy in the area of oral medicine from the Free University of Berlin. She received a two-year DAAD scholarship (1996-1998) for her research in the field of PDT. Dr. Daskalaki received a MS in Medical Informatics from TFH Berlin with her work in “Development of a documentation software for robot-assisted intraoral operations” and a MS degree in bioinformatics with her work in “Variance analysis of multifactor models in gene expression experiments with application to the identification of genetic markers for hypertension.” She received a poster prize for her participation in the International Photodynamic Association Meeting in Nantes. She is the editor of the “Handbook of Research on Systems Biology Applications in Medicine” and has presented many oral presentations at national and international meetings. She is a founding member and committee member of the Greek Dental Laser Association. Her research interest areas include systems biology, PDT, and laser applications in dentistry.

Editorial Board

  • Dr. Amit Chattopadhyay, NIDCR, National Institutes of Health, USA
  • Dr. Cathrin Dressler, Laser- und Medizin-Technologie GmbH, Germany
  • Dr. Penny Emmanouil, General Hospital for Children, Penteli, Greece
  • Prof. Dr. Petros Koidis, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece
  • Dr. Sophia Kossida, Academy of Athens, Greece
  • Dr. Athina Lazakidou, University of Peloponnese, Greece
  • Prof. Dr. Valko Petrov, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Bulgaria
  • Dr. Christoph Wierling, Max-Planck-Institute for Molecular Genetics, Germany