Handbook of Research on Strategies for Local E-Government Adoption and Implementation: Comparative Studies (2 Volumes)

Handbook of Research on Strategies for Local E-Government Adoption and Implementation: Comparative Studies (2 Volumes)

Christopher G. Reddick (University of Texas at San Antonio, USA )
Release Date: March, 2009|Copyright: © 2009 |Pages: 1140
ISBN13: 9781605662824|ISBN10: 1605662828|EISBN13: 9781605662831|DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60566-282-4

Description

There is a growing body of research on e-government because of its potential to transform organizational governance. Most of e-government research has examined the adoption of e-government at the local level with respect to the stages of adoption, but fewer studies have examined its impact on public sector organizations.

The Handbook of Research on Strategies for Local E-Government Adoption and Implementation: Comparative Studies provides examinations of the adoption and impact of e-government in countries throughout the world at the local level by leading scholars and practitioners in the field. Through descriptions of successful cases and challenges, this important academic research collection provides an indispensable resource necessary to audiences such as academicians, researchers, and students.

Topics Covered

The many academic areas covered in this publication include, but are not limited to:

  • Adoption of E-Government
  • Citizen influence in government
  • Citizen-centric local e-government
  • Diffusion of e-government
  • Digital Governance
  • E-Governance
  • E-government development
  • E-government for senior citizens
  • E-government implementation
  • E-government Strategies
  • E-government sustainability
  • Electronic democracy
  • Experimental e-deliberation
  • Institutional e-government development
  • Internet voting
  • Internet-based citizen participation
  • Local e-government partnerships
  • Municipal wireless networks
  • Open source software and local governments
  • Readiness for city e-government
  • Residential broadband

Reviews and Testimonials

This book addresses issues faced by local governments in e-government addressing both its impact on citizens and government operations and performance. Exploring major technologies that are used, and providing case studies of successes and challenges in adoption in local governments.

– Christopher G. Reddick, University of Texas at San Antonio, USA

The book will be of interest to researchers, public administrators, government officals, and others responsible for enhancing local government operations and performance.

– Book News Inc. (May 2009)

Table of Contents and List of Contributors

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Preface

The study of electronic government or e-government in local governments was the first level of analysis of this type of application of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) to public sector organizations (Moon, 1999; Stowers, 1999; Ho 2002; Deakin and Dillon, 2002). Some of the reasons for this is local governments are so numerous and, therefore, make a good test case of the application of ICT diffusion. In addition, local governments are the first line of contact with citizens for simple things such as retrieving information to more complicated tasks such as paying taxes online. Therefore, there is a natural tendency for researchers to want to study e-government adoption at the local level.

The growth of research on e-government has rapidly expanded, especially since the commercialization of the Internet in the 1990s. This is most noticeably in terms of the number of publications that address important e-government issues that cut across many areas of public administration research. E-government adoption and implementation are critical to study especially with local governments given the nature of what they provide to citizens. Many of the major transformational benefits often cited about e-government are examined through studies of local governments. Most of the books in this field have studied broadly the impact of e-government on all levels of government; this study is different in that it focuses on local governments, which have a very direct line of contact with citizens, given their intensive service delivery role.

Theoretical Perspectives on Local E-Government Adoption

There are five sections in this book, which examine different dimensions of e-government adoption and implementation at the local level. The first section examines theoretical perspectives on the adoption of e-government. The chapters in this section provide a theoretical lens for which to consider other chapters in this book. There is an examination of the how e-government fits into the stages of e-government growth and how it has changed, or has the potential to change, the nature of municipal operations. One important aspect in the study of local e-government is its impact on the public sector organizations. Weerakkody and Dhillon in Chapter 1 make the argument that scholars need to study transformational e-government or what they label “T-government” as one of the most important stages of adoption. The second chapter by Schuppan examines the idea and application of Informatized Public Service Networks (IPSN) in local e-government examining the potential of changing the size or possibly eliminating levels of government through information networks. King, in Chapter 3, examines citizen-centric e-government in the United Kingdom using the stages of e-government growth models. Paskaleva, in Chapter 4, examines a theoretical framework of e-governance through an integrated city e-governance policy framework as a way of examining e-readiness in European cities. Deakin (Chapter 5) examines the idea of intelligent cities and how e-government can potentially increase citizen-initiated contacts with government. Cotterill in Chapter 6 delves into the impact of local e-government partnerships in the United Kingdom. McLoughlin (Chapter 7) examines the “joining up of services” in the United Kingdom through greater information sharing because of e-government. Reece and Andreasson, in Chapter 8, explore through an institutional analysis of e-government and found that many social economic variables did not explain e-government quality in cities. Jukiæ, Kunstelj, Deèman, and Vintar in Chapter 9 take a holistic view to e-government implementation and examine both the supply from local governments and the demand by citizens for e-government. This last chapter in the section leads particularly well into the next section of the book.

Demand-Side Perspectives on E-Government Adoption and Implementation

The second part of this book examines the demand-side explanations of e-government adoption and implementation. The chapters in this section delve into the role of citizens in local e-government, examining issues of accountability and participation. One of the ways that local e-government is said to benefit democratic society is through enabling participation of its citizens in governance. Along these lines, in Chapter 10 Torres, Pina, Acerete, and Royo examine transparency, openness, and accountability in public administration through the lens of European Union local e-government. Aikins’ (Chapter 11) findings reveal that city population size and officials’ beliefs in traditional and Internet-based citizen participation influences the deployment of resources and the use of the Internet for citizen participation. Stuart and Hooper (Chapter 12) explore the sociological factors that affect voter participation in Internet voting. Knapp, Chen, Hamilton, and Coors in Chapter 13 examine citizen participation in urban planning through interactive 3D visualization. In Chapter 14 Evans-Cowley and Conroy also examine urban planning through a survey of municipal planning departments and the role of citizen participation in the planning process. Jensen’s (Chapter 15) survey of elected local government officials suggests that there is little political will to use the Internet to facilitate greater levels of participation. Chen and Dorsey, in Chapter 16, use both the e-government and gerontology literatures to develop a list of factors affecting the demand for e-government among current and future seniors in a small U.S. city. Chen, Huang, Hsiao, Lin, and Lee (Chapter 17) using experimental design of two citizen conferences in Taiwan (one face-to-face and the other online) examine the impact of citizen participation in local e-government. As previously noted, the demand-side perspective argues that citizens and their participation is a critical dimension for local e-government adoption; many chapters in this section of the book demonstrate this important finding.

Supply-Side Perspectives on E-Government Adoption and Implementation

Part III of this book examines the supply-side perspectives on the adoption and implementation of local e-government. The supply-side studies examine issues such as the role of e-government on institutions and their performance. This perspective explores whether e-government has transformed local government in areas such as local service delivery. Greg and Navarro in Chapter 18 examine e-government development from what types of knowledge and skills public managers need to develop and guide e-government initiatives. Huang in Chapter 19 conducted a content analysis of county government Websites, and found that adoption of e-government was significantly correlated with socioeconomics factors such as population, ethnicity, and education. Piotrowski and Borry (Chapter 20) found that the extent to which Websites increase municipal transparency varied considerably in their content analysis of municipal governments in New Jersey. Holzer and Manoharan (Chapter 21) in a content analysis of Asian municipal Websites found that capacity to provide public services online were largely related to the economy of the nation and financial capacity of the government. Yildiz in Chapter 22 showed that local e-government development is still in its infancy in Turkey. Parlak and Sobaci, in another study of Turkey, evaluated e-government practices in metropolitan municipalities and found that they were inadequate in the provision of Website-based e-government services (Chapter 23). Chapter 24 by Lombardi, Cooper, Paskaleva-Shapira, and Deakin examined a city eGovernance framework and showed how the content of cities’ existing Websites did not completely satisfy the expectations of the European Union. Freeman (Chapter 25) found empirical evidence on the existence of various high-yield e-government projects using financial analysis tools such as payback method. Jauhiainen and Inkinen in Chapter 26 examined quality of life issues as a result of e-government and found that there was much rhetoric in national strategies and not much in terms of actual reality in local practice. The following section examines some of the e-government technologies that local governments are using in order to increase citizen participation and enhance local service delivery.

Emerging Technologies and Local E-Government Adoption

Part IV of the book examines the emerging technologies in local e-government adoption and implementation. In Chapter 27 Bossinger provides a summary of what open source software is, what is so special about it, and offers several compelling reasons why local governments should be taking a closer look at its abilities. In Chapter 28 Cassell draws on a comparative case study of four European cities and open source software adoption; this author found evidence that migration was driven by a strong desire to maintain control over a municipality’s IT infrastructure. Ganapati and Schoepp (Chapter 29) argue that wireless broadband is a basic communications tool that is important for digital inclusion, economic development, public safety, better public services, and education; municipal governments have an important role to play in its adoption. Baker, Bell, and Moon in Chapter 30 found that basic municipal wireless networks in U.S. cities accessibility compliance agreements often overlooked components of the “digital divide” within their communities. Cole, Cole, and Kurtz in Chapter 31 made the argument that the potential benefit of residential broadband for delivering e-government services to entities outside government – in particular, individuals, households, or small organizations – is at least equal to the benefits of performing government-to-government processes electronically. Viitanen and Kingston (Chapter 32) demonstrate how improvements in local communities could be delivered through the integration of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) with a range of public services. In Chapter 33 Murphy reviews emerging GIS economic development applications as a way to encourage economic development in local communities. Jaeger, in Chapter 34, indicates that as residents, communities, and governments rely on public libraries as a main access point to e-government, it is essential to understand the connection and education roles of public libraries to improve the delivery of local e-government. In Chapter 35 Kamal and Themistocleous express the need to understand the adoption of enterprise application integration in local government authorities to addresses organizational integration problems from both technical and business perspectives.

Case Studies on Local E-Government Adoption

In the last section of this book, there is a presentation of several case studies of e-government adoption and implementation. These case studies present successes and challenges to the adoption of e-government at the local level. In Chapter 36 Roy notes that Canada faces greater challenges in collaborating across jurisdictional boundaries than Denmark and that weaker municipal capacities within the Canada is a major reason for this author’s finding. In Chapter 37 Stowers argues that a small U.S. city such as San Carlos California, is an e-government innovator because of factors such as location, which allow the creation of resources through networking with knowledge individuals supporting the development of regional agency/community collaborations. In Chapter 38 Frank believes that in Florida, Miami-Dade’s county government experience with performance management software implementation is consistent with that found elsewhere in the private and public sectors; clear benchmarks for successful implementation were not carefully articulated prior to rollout. Chapter 39 Nasi examines e-government in Italian local governments and found that these governments have not establishing an organization-wide strategy for e-government that aligns organizational priorities with adequate resource commitment. Ask, Hatakka, and Grönlund (Chapter 40) examines e-government in Örebro City, Sweden and found that the lessons learned is the need for practical ways of acting strategically to reduce the risk level and increase the ability to implement policy. Chung (Chapter 41) reviewed local e-government adoption in rural South Korea, which was designed as a way of reducing the digital divide and improving local economies. In Chapter 42 Sarosa and Lestari found that Jogjakarta’s local governments only used their Websites to publish necessary information, few interactions between local government and citizens really existed. Chapter 43 Kaliannan, Abdullah, and Raman show that local governments in Malaysia are still at the broadcast or publication stage of e-government development. In Chapter 44 Lubbe and Singh, when investigating local educational institutions in South Africa, found that users’ perception of information systems usefulness has an impact on the views of the quality of the system. Filho and dos Santos Junior in Chapter 45 show that ICT in municipal government in Brazil were designed in such a way that they resemble the traditional political structures; maintaining politics as usual and avoiding new forms of interaction and participation. Chapter 46 Mitra, Gupta, and Sahu found that in provincial and local police systems in India there was an acute problem of training, funding, and technical manpower issues. Finally, in Chapter 47, Juntunen investigates e-services in Finnish police and found that there were unclear roles and responsibilities in different cooperation networks, which can hinder the development in joint e-service projects.

Conclusion

This book addresses issues faced by local governments in e-government addressing both its impact on citizens and government operations and performance. Exploring major technologies that are used, and providing case studies of successes and challenges in adoption in local governments. Some of the lessons that can be extrapolated from this book are that more citizen involvement in e-government at the local level enhances democracy and transparency in governments. Furthermore, e-government as envisaged by early studies about claims concerning its revolutionary properties has largely not materialized. However, there is hope in e-government adoption and implementation according to many scholars in this book, that it can potentially radically transform government and many facets of our information society.

Christopher G. Reddick, Associate Professor and Chair
The University of Texas at San Antonio, USA

Author(s)/Editor(s) Biography

Christopher G. Reddick is an Associate Professor and Chair of the Department of Public Administration at the University of Texas at San Antonio, USA. Dr. Reddick’s research and teaching interests is in e-government. Some of his publications can be found in Government Information Quarterly, Electronic Government, and the International Journal of Electronic Government Research. Dr. Reddick recently edited the book entitled Handbook of Research on Strategies for Local E-Government Adoption and Implementation: Comparative Studies.

Indices

Editorial Board

  • Yu-Che Chen, Northern Illinois University, USA
  • Howard Frank, Florida International University, USA
  • Greta Nasi, Università Bocconi, Italy
  • Vicente Pina, University of Zaragoza, Spain
  • Genie Stowers, San Francisco State University, USA
  • Greg Streib, Georgia State University, USA
  • Lourdes Torres, University of Zaragoza, Spain