Microbial Remediation and Microbial Biotechnology for Sustainable Soil
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Microbial Remediation and Microbial Biotechnology for Sustainable Soil

Junaid Ahmad Malik (Government Degree College, Bijbehara, India)
Pages: 300
ISBN13: 9781799870623|ISBN10: 1799870626|EISBN13: 9781799870647|DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-7062-3

Description

The introduction of contaminants, due to rapid urbanization and anthropogenic activities into the environment causes unsteadiness, distress to the physio-chemical systems including living organisms, which possibly is threatening the dynamics of nature as well as the soil biology by producing certain xenobiotics. Hence, there is an immediate global demand for the diminution of such contaminants and xenobiotics which can otherwise adversely affect the living organisms. Some toxic xenobiotics include synthetic organochlorides such as PAHs, and some fractions of crude oil and coal.

Over time, microbial remediation processes have been accelerated to produce better, more eco-friendly and more biodegradable solutions for complete dissemination of these xenobiotic compounds. The advancements in microbiology and biotechnology lead to the launch of microbial biotechnology as a separate area of research and contributed dramatically to the development of areas like agriculture, environment, biopharmaceutics, fermented foods, etc. The evolution of new metabolic pathways from natural metabolic cycles has enabled the microorganisms to degrade almost all different complex and resistant xenobiotics found on Earth. Hence, microbes stand an imperative, efficient, green and economical alternative to conventional treatment technologies.

This book comprises chapters dealing with various bioremediation strategies with the help of different groups of microorganisms along with detailed graphical/diagrammatic representations. The book also focuses on the use of microbial biotechnology and highlights the recent developments in microbial biotechnology in the area of agriculture and environment. Furthermore, the book is a detailed comprehensive account for the microbial treatment technologies from unsustainable to sustainable. The research presented also highlights some of the significantly important microbial species involved in remediation, the physiology, biochemistry and the mechanisms of remediation by various microbes, and suggestions for future improvement of bioremediation technology.

Table of Contents and List of Contributors

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