E-Parliament and ICT-Based Legislation: Concept, Experiences and Lessons

E-Parliament and ICT-Based Legislation: Concept, Experiences and Lessons

Mehmet Zahid Sobaci (University of Uludag, Turkey)
Indexed In: SCOPUS
Release Date: November, 2011|Copyright: © 2012 |Pages: 371|DOI: 10.4018/978-1-61350-329-4
ISBN13: 9781613503294|ISBN10: 1613503296|EISBN13: 9781613503300
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Description

Concepts such as e-voting, e-democracy, e-participation, online campaigning, and e-parliament are the most powerful proof of the use of ICTs in political activities, processes, and institutions.

E-Parliament and ICT-Based Legislation: Concept, Experiences and Lessons presents a conceptual framework regarding e-parliament and analyzes the impacts of ICTs on the structure of parliament, its functions, relations with other actors, and the legislative process. As a result of the means and opportunities created by ICTs, parliaments have had a chance to simplify and integrate their administrative processes and involve citizens in legislative processes. This book reflects on new understandings, developments, and practices in parliaments within the framework of ICT usage.

Topics Covered

The many academic areas covered in this publication include, but are not limited to:

  • Characterizing Legislative Websites
  • Citizen Participation
  • Communication and Documentation on Parliamentary Websites
  • Connecting Citizens to the European Parliament
  • E-Parliament Services
  • E-Participation Mechanisms
  • Parliamentary Websites in Developing Countries
  • Parliamentary Websites in the Budget Process
  • Strengthening Parliaments through ICT
  • Worldwide Diffusion of E-Parliament

Reviews and Testimonials

We often learn more from our failures than from our successes, and in this regard, the book has much to teach. It asks about the realities and myths of e-participation. It poses the question of how differences in cultural values and norms may affect the use of technology in a society. It raises questions that we cannot yet answer and it encourages us to learn more, to understand better, and to share with each other.

– Jeffrey Griffith, Senior Advisor, Global Centre for ICT in Parliament

The book provides case studies that highlight the necessary conceptual frameworks and the lessons that have been learned.

– David Mason, Victoria University of Wellington, Online Information Review, Vol. 37, No. 1

E-Parliament and ICT-Based Legislation is an interesting book to have on your shelves. It is packed with information, particularly on case studies one hardly ever hears about. This is a book that will be of use for anyone interested in the issues of e-parliament, ICT and the public, or management, technology and institutions. [...]

The book brings together an impressive number of authors, from various backgrounds, both academics and practitioners; it also combines authors from different types of subject background: from ICT, communication, management, to others from a more parliamentary specific background. This provides a wealth of varied approaches to the topic.

– Cristina Leston-Bandeira, University of Hull, Journal of Legislative Studies, 20(4)

Table of Contents and List of Contributors

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Preface

Today, people live in a rapidly-changing world. ICTs are one of the fundamental factors in the background of this rapid change. ICTs have affected political area as well as economic, social, and administrative areas. This impact is increasing day by day. Concepts such as e-voting, e-democracy, e-participation, online campaigning, and e-parliament are the most powerful proof of the use of ICTs in political activities, processes, and institutions. E-parliament is closely related to such concepts as e-democracy and e-participation; however, it also refers to a different and more specific application.
In this day and age, the expectations of citizens from public institutions have begun to change. Governments have today put into effect various reform initiatives to make public institutions more efficient, transparent, participatory, and democratic, and meet citizens’ expectations. As a part of the political system, parliaments are not immune from these expectations and reform initiatives. In this age in which co-operative management has come to the forefront within the framework of governance model, parliaments have felt the need to restructure themselves. In this context, parliaments have begun using opportunities offered by ICTs to meet requirements of an efficient and democratic parliament. Today, ICTs have a profound impact on core functions of parliaments (legislation, representation, oversight). Parliaments, thanks to the means and opportunities created by ICTs, have had a chance to simplify and integrate their administrative processes and involve citizens in legislative processes and improve their countries’ democracy. 

In this context, this book focuses on the concept of e-parliament, which is an ever-rising concept and initiative. E-parliament is not a concept that is frequently studied and debated in the relevant literature. E-parliament literature is still in its infancy. This edited book attempts to close a serious gap in the literature on e-parliament. The aim of book is to present a conceptual framework regarding e-parliament and analyze the impacts of ICTs on the structure of parliament, its functions, relations with other actors and the legislative process. Therefore, in addition to the conceptual framework, this study illustrates the practices of some countries those of which are based on conceptual framework and makes it possible for them to take some lessons. This book reflects new understandings, developments, and practices in the parliaments within the framework of use of ICTs.
This book is a product of a very intensive effort of many people and they rightly deserve special thanks. First, I would like to thank the contributors of this book for their patience. Since their chapters were carefully evaluated by reviewers, they made tireless efforts to revise their relevant chapters. I am also grateful to peer-reviewers of this book for their help in the reviewing process. I am thankful to editorial advisory board of the book. Their constructive comments and suggestions have helped to enhance the quality of the book. I am indebted to staff of IGI Global; of course special thanks go to Michael Killian. I also thank my colleagues at the Department of Public Administration of the Uludag University for their moral support. I want to express my particular thanks to my family for their continuous patience, support, and encouragement during the project of this book. I hope this book will enrich discussions on e-parliament and be useful for MPs, parliamentary administrations, experts, academics, and students.

Editor
Mehmet Zahid Sobaci

Author(s)/Editor(s) Biography

Mehmet Zahid Sobaci is an Assistant Professor of Department of Public Administration at Uludag University. He received his PhD in Public Administration from Uludag University. His research interests are administrative reform, e-government, e-participation, policy transfer, governence, and new public management. He teaches courses on Public Administration, Local Governments, Public Personnel Management, and Administrative Reform. He is the author of Administrative Reform and Policy Transfer: The Diffusion of the New Public Management (in Turkish) and Public Administration in Theory and Practice (in Turkish). He is also the author of several articles and chapters published in national and international journals, books, and international conferences.

Indices

Editorial Board

  • Ari-Veikko Anttiroiko, University of Tampare, Finland
  • Xiudian Dai, University of Hull, UK
  • Dennis W. Johnson, George Washington University, USA
  • Wainer Lusoli, European Commission-Joint Reserach Center, Spain
  • Karen Mossberger, University of Illinois, USA
  • Bekir Parlak, University of Uludag, Turkey
  • Christopher G. Reddick, University of Texas, USA