Wireless Radio-Frequency Standards and System Design: Advanced Techniques

Wireless Radio-Frequency Standards and System Design: Advanced Techniques

Gianluca Cornetta (Universidad San Pablo-CEU, Spain), David J. Santos (Universidad San Pablo-CEU, Spain) and Jose Manuel Vazquez (Universidad San Pablo-CEU, Spain)
Release Date: January, 2012|Copyright: © 2012 |Pages: 422
ISBN13: 9781466600836|ISBN10: 1466600837|EISBN13: 9781466600843|DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-0083-6

Description

Radio-frequency (RF) integrated circuits in CMOS technology are gaining increasing popularity in the commercial world, and CMOS technology has become the dominant technology for applications such as GPS receivers, GSM cellular transceivers, wireless LAN, and wireless short-range personal area networks based on IEEE 802.15.1 (Bluetooth) or IEEE 802.15.4 (ZigBee) standards. Furthermore, the increasing interest in wireless technologies and the widespread of wireless communications has prompted an ever increasing demand for radio frequency transceivers.

Wireless Radio-Frequency Standards and System Design: Advanced Techniques provides perspectives on radio-frequency circuit and systems design, covering recent topics and developments in the RF area. Exploring topics such as LNA linearization, behavioral modeling and co-simulation of analog and mixed-signal complex blocks for RF applications, integrated passive devices for RF-ICs and baseband design techniques and wireless standards, this is a comprehensive reference for students as well as practicing professionals.

Topics Covered

The many academic areas covered in this publication include, but are not limited to:

  • CMOS Nanometer Technologies
  • EM/Circuit Co-Simulation
  • Frequency Synchronization
  • Frequency Synthesizer
  • Intra Vehicle Communications
  • Linearity in RF Circuits
  • Multi-Mode Multi-Standard Transceivers
  • RF-MEMS
  • WiMAX
  • Wireless Transceivers

Reviews and Testimonials

This book introduces the RF designer to this brave new world!

– Gianluca CornettaUniversidad San Pablo-CEU, Spain & Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium

Table of Contents and List of Contributors

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Preface

The amazing progress experienced by CMOS VLSI technology in the last decade, in the pursuit of an ever increasing scaling of the feature size, has led to extremely tiny devices. The scaling of transistor size has improved not only the achievable level of integration, but also the transistor switching speed. This, in turn, has disclosed new potential applications for CMOS technology in high-performance RF communication systems and devices.

In state-of-the-art CMOS processes it is quite common to have transistors with a unity current gain frequency (fT) larger than 100 GHz, which makes these devices suitable for very high-frequency applications that were once dominated by bipolar, BiCMOS, and GaAs technologies. Fully-CMOS radio transceivers and systems-on-chip are rapidly gaining popularity and increasing their share into the wireless market. Moreover, RF CMOS technologies bring with them new architectures and astonishing levels of integration that cannot be achieved with other technologies. CMOS technology brought with it new transceiver topologies and circuit techniques. The traditional super-heterodyne receiver was soon replaced by homodyne architectures with direct conversion to baseband, much more suitable for a fully monolithic implementation in CMOS. On the other hand, monolithic planar inductors with decent quality factors were soon available, allowing the design of tunable amplifiers, on-chip matching networks, source-degenerated amplifiers, et cetera. Consequently, RF CMOS technology has become the dominant technology for applications such as GPS receivers, GSM cellular transceivers, wireless LAN, and wireless short-range personal area networks based on IEEE 802.15.1 (Bluetooth) or IEEE 802.15.4 (ZigBee) standards. In many cases, such transceivers must meet very aggressive design goals such as low cost, low-power dissipation, and light weight. CMOS integrated circuits for RF applications are being intensely studied due to their potential for low cost, high scalability, and integration, which makes them suitable for Systems on Chip (SoC) implementations.

Mastering good design practices in the CMOS RF area has become a necessity for current RF Engineers. Traditional design practices are now undergoing a process of deep changes that will leave behind the now mature analog-based techniques, and will gradually move into software-controlled, mainly digital architectures (the so-called, Software Defined Radio paradigm). In addition, the introduction of deep-submicron processes (90 nm and below) poses new severe design problems and challenges.
This book introduces the RF designer to this brave new world. The RF designer in mind is a graduate or PhD student in the RF area, or a practicing professional who needs a better insight on radio frequency circuit and systems design. In both cases, the objective is to present in a single volume most of the hottest topics and latest developments in the RF area.

The book is divided into three sections:

    Novel techniques, Design and Simulation
    RF MEMS and Passive Devices
    Baseband Processing and Wireless Standards

Section 1 (Chapters 1 to 5) explores new design practices, simulation techniques, and applications. It comprises five chapters dealing with topics such as LNA linearization, low power design based on the gm/ID technique, and behavioral modeling and co-simulation of analog and mixed-signal complex blocks for RF applications.

Section 2 (Chapters 6 to 8) deals with integrated passive devices for RF-ICs; both standard planar monolithic devices (capacitor and inductors) and MEMS (Micro-electromechanical Systems) are thoroughly treated. SAW (Surface Acoustic Waves) and BAW (Bulk Acoustic Waves) design and implementation issues are presented and analyzed, as well as all the issues related with their integration with bulk CMOS processes.

Finally, Section 3 (Chapters 9 to 12) covers baseband design techniques and wireless standards. Also, hardware techniques for the implementation of multi-mode multi-standard, OFDM, and MIMO transceivers, as well as emerging standards like mobile WiMax, are presented and comprehensively discussed.

Enjoy the reading!


Gianluca Cornetta
Universidad San Pablo-CEU, Spain & Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium

David J. Santos
Universidad San Pablo-CEU, Spain

Jose Manuel Vazquez
Universidad San Pablo-CEU, Spain

Author(s)/Editor(s) Biography

obtained his MSc Degree from Politecnico di Torino (Italy) in 1995 and his PhD from Universidad Politécnica de Cataluña (Spain) in 2001, both in Electronic Engineering. In 2003 he joined Universidad CEU-San Pablo in Madrid (Spain), where he is presently an Associate Professor. Prior to joining Universidad CEU-San Pablo, he was a Lecturer in the Departement of Electronic Engineering of Universidad Politécnica de Cataluña (Spain), a Digital Designer at Infineon Technologies Gmbh (Germany), and an ICT Consultant at Tecsidel SA (Spain) in the field of real-time embedded systems. In 2004 he founded the Department of Electronic System Engineering and Telecommunications, which he chaired until February 2008. He is also a research fellow at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel and an invited Professor at the Institut Superieur d’Electronique de Paris (ISEP) where he teaches Wireless System Design in the Advances in Communication Environment (ACE) Master. His current research interests include RF circuit design for wireless sensor networks with special emphasis on IEEE 802.15.4 (ZigBee), digital communication circuits, software radio, and distributed real-time embedded systems.
obtained his MSc and PhD Degrees both from Universidad de Vigo, Spain (in 1991 and 1995 respectively). From 1995 to 2005 he has been a Professor at Universidad de Vigo and a visiting scholar to University of Rochester (USA) and University of Essex (UK). Since 2005 he is an Associate Professor at Universidad CEU-San Pablo in Madrid (Spain) where he also chairs the Division of Engineering of the Escuela Politécnica Superior. His research interests include: quantum information processing, quantum optics, optical communications, communication circuits, and applied mathematics problems related with process modelling, optimisation, and data mining.
obtained his MSc and PhD Degrees both from Universidad Politécnica of Madrid. He has over thirty years experience in the IT sector, designing and developing a variety of innovative projects for market-leading companies. During his career he has played different roles and positions of responsibility in various areas of business for which he worked such as production, sales, marketing, communication, and R&D. He is currently a Lecturer at University CEU-San Pablo in Madrid and managing partner of a consultancy company focused on the implementation of change management and BPR for new companies in the digital economy. It has also been evaluating research projects of the European Union and has served on various national and international committees related to marketing and regulation in the field of IT.