A Discussion on Transnationality and Globalness of HEI Internationalization

A Discussion on Transnationality and Globalness of HEI Internationalization

António Carrizo Moreira (University of Aveiro, Portugal), Fábio Brandão (University of Aveiro, Portugal), Inês Longa (University of Aveiro, Portugal), Luís Campolargo (University of Aveiro, Portugal) and Ana Rita Carvalho Lopes (University of Aveiro, Portugal)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-7259-6.ch002
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The internationalization of higher education institutions (HEIs) involve a set of activities aimed at providing an educational experience in an environment that integrates a global perspective. The internationalization of HEIs incorporates a diverse set of academic and extracurricular activities with emphasis on the development and innovation of curricula, academic/student/faculty exchange programs, technological assistance, intercultural training, international student recruitment, and joint research initiatives. Despite the several studies on the internationalization of HEIs, no single study addresses issues like local responsiveness and global integration. As such, the authors discuss how the internationalization of HEIs has evolved and how Bartlett and Ghoshal's strategies fit in the internationalization path of HEIs.
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Internationalization Of Higher Education Institutions

The internationalization of HEIs began to expand after World War II with an increase in the number of students completing their courses outside their country of origin (Knight, 2014).

Key Terms in this Chapter

Transnational Strategy: It is an international business structure where the company's business activities are coordinated via cooperation and interdependence between its headquarters, operational divisions, and internationally located subsidiaries. Transnational companies are characterized by thinking locally and acting globally, as they are able to reconcile the centralization benefits provided by a global, world-based orientation with local responsiveness.

Transnational Education: It is related to internationalization of higher education activities that involves mobility of academics, students, programs, and institutions across borders of national jurisdiction. It is related to “internationalization abroad.”

Cross-Border Education: It involves the internationalization of higher education with at the university’s original campus, from the teaching/learning process, extracurricular activities to relationships with local and ethnic groups. It is also considered as “internationalization at home.”

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