A Key Management Scheme for Secure Communications Based on Smart Grid Requirements (KMS-CL-SG)

A Key Management Scheme for Secure Communications Based on Smart Grid Requirements (KMS-CL-SG)

Bashar Alohali (Liverpool John Moores University, UK), Kashif Kifayat (Liverpool John Moores University, UK), Qi Shi (Liverpool John Moores University, UK) and William Hurst (Liverpool John Moores University, UK)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-1829-7.ch013
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Abstract

Over the last decade, Internet of Things (IoTs) have brought radical changes to the means and forms of communication for monitoring and control of a large number of applications including Smart Grid (SG). Traditional energy networks have been modernized to SGs to boost the energy industry in the context of efficient and effective power management, performance, real-time control and information flow using two-way communication between utility provides and end-users. However, integrating two-way communication in SG comes at the cost of cyber security vulnerabilities and challenges. In the context of SG, node compromise is a severe security threat due to the fact that a compromised node can significantly impact the operations and security of the SG network. Therefore, in this chapter, Key Management Scheme for Communication Layer in the Smart Grid (KMS-CL-SG) has proposed. In order to achieve a secure end-to-end communication we assign a unique key to each node in the group.
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Background

The advancement in information and communication technology (ICT) has not only given the world a smart and high-quality life but also an efficient pr system, energy solutions and intelligent homes to live in. Energy is one of the fundamental requirements to fuel the smart technology and so a ‘smart’ way of living, and electricity is generally used as the primary source of energy.

According to a report by (BP, 2013), worldwide energy consumption is predicted to increase annually by 1.6% from 2011 to 2030, adding 36% to the global energy consumption by the year 2030. In addition to the continuous growing demand for energy and the environmental concerns, efficient and effective power performance and management and pricing are becoming more and more critical requirements. The traditional 20th century power grids are not designed to handle rising power demand, increasing proportion of renewable, fluctuating energy generation, electricity blackout, integration with advanced communication and controls, and smart metering infrastructure. The continually growing dependence on electricity and demand for efficient and reliable energy distribution have been constantly addressed to provide a modernized electric system to ensure efficient and effective power performance and management, real-time bidirectional control and information flow between utility providers and end-users and active monitoring. Therefore, the SG is the future of the power grid; it is designed to meet the future energy requirements that entail capacity, reliability, efficiency, security, sustainability and safety.

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