A Paradigm of Improving Land Information Management

A Paradigm of Improving Land Information Management

Moha El-Ayachi (Institut Agronomique et Vétérinaire Hassan II, Morocco)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-0937-0.ch022
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The information on land is a basic resource at the economic, social, and industrial levels. Many approaches have been made to enhance integrating the geospatial technology, enable managing the geospatial features, and provide decision makers with capabilities for best land governance. The goal behind this chapter is to develop an approach dealing with a necessary paradigm of improving land information management. Such approach is made up of a series of the fundamental requirements and principles. The requirements encompass the fundamental geodetic network supporting spatial infrastructure, a series of large-scale maps, an integrated land administration system, and a basic conceptual core model for the land information system. The principles of the new paradigm will be discussed. To achieve such objective, the object oriented approach as an emerging methodology was followed to improve land administration and management.
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The land, since the beginning, has been the basis of wealth. To provide their basic needs, the societies have been thinking, in an easiest way, how to take advantages of the land resources. Then, the earlier forms of land management were created to provide a means of describing and valuating lands. Recently, every country has become aware of the importance of administrating and managing lands. At the worldwide level, land information constitutes a basic and sensitive resource at the economic, social, and industrial levels. A multitude of emerging approaches has been conducted to develop suitable paradigms of land information management. The implementation of the new paradigms is based on a bunch of the geospatial technology encompassing the Geographical Information Systems [GIS] and the Global Navigation Satellite Systems [GNSS]. The GIS includes various process and products enabling the management of spatial features associated to their attributes. It permits storing and managing attributes related to land and natural resources. It provides users and managers with basic tools for querying, editing information, sharing information, and updating data. The decision makers’ prospective is to get capabilities of making decision based on real spatial and factual data.

The aim behind the chapter is to present and discuss an approach of developing a necessary paradigm to improve land information management. The approach is run through an outlook scheme based on four components obviously defined as requirements of the paradigm. The first component is the fundamental geodetic network as a spatial reference frame ensuring the homogeneity of describing the whole features, utilities, and infrastructures. The second and third components based on the fundamental geodetic network are respectively a series of large-scale maps and an integrated land administration system. The fourth component is the conceptual core model of the land information system. Indeed, a synthesis analysis of the economical and social impact of the new paradigm is presented.

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