A Particle Swarm Optimizer for Constrained Multiobjective Optimization

A Particle Swarm Optimizer for Constrained Multiobjective Optimization

Wen Fung Leong (Kansas State University, USA), Yali Wu (Xi'an University of Technology, China) and Gary G. Yen (Oklahoma State University, USA)
Copyright: © 2015 |Pages: 32
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-6328-2.ch006
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Abstract

Generally, constraint-handling techniques are designed for evolutionary algorithms to solve Constrained Multiobjective Optimization Problems (CMOPs). Most Multiojective Particle Swarm Optimization (MOPSO) designs adopt these existing constraint-handling techniques to deal with CMOPs. In this chapter, the authors present a constrained MOPSO in which the information related to particles' infeasibility and feasibility status is utilized effectively to guide the particles to search for feasible solutions and to improve the quality of the optimal solution found. The updating of personal best archive is based on the particles' Pareto ranks and their constraint violations. The infeasible global best archive is adopted to store infeasible nondominated solutions. The acceleration constants are adjusted depending on the personal bests' and selected global bests' infeasibility and feasibility statuses. The personal bests' feasibility statuses are integrated to estimate the mutation rate in the mutation procedure. The simulation results indicate that the proposed constrained MOPSO is highly competitive in solving selected benchmark problems.
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Introduction

In real-world applications, most optimization problems are subject to various types of constraints. These problems are known as the constrained optimization problems (COPs) or constrained multiobjective optimization problems (CMOPs) if more than one objective function is involved. Comprehensive surveys (Michalewicz & Schoenauer, 1996; Mezura-Montes & CoellCoello, 2006) show a variety of constraint handling techniques have been developed to address the deficiencies of evolutionary algorithms (EAs), in which, their original design are unable to deal with constraints in an effective manner. These techniques are mainly targeted at EAs, particularly genetic algorithms (GAs), to solve COPs (Runarsson & Yao, 2005; Takahama & Sakai, 2006; Cai & Wang, 2006; Oyama et al., 2007; Wang et al., 2007, 2008; Tessema & Yen, 2009) and CMOPs (Binh & Korn, 1997; Fonseca & Fleming, 1998; CoelloCoello & Christiansen, 1999; Deb et al., 2002; Jimenez et al., 2002; Kurpati et al., 2002; Chafekar et al., 2003; Ray & Won, 2005; Hingston et al., 2006; Geng et al., 2006; Zhang et al., 2006; Harada et al., 2007; Woldesenbet et al., 2009). During the past few years, due to the success of particle swarm optimization (PSO) in solving many unconstrained optimization problems, research on incorporating existing constraint handling techniques in PSO for solving COPs is steadily gaining attention (Parsopoulus & Vrahatis, 2002; Pulido & CoelloCoello, 2004; Zielinski & Laur, 2006; Lu & Chen, 2006; Liang & Suganthan, 2006; Wei & Wang, 2006; He & Wang, 2007; Cushman, 2007; Liu et al., 2008; Li et al., 2008;). Nevertheless, many real world problems are often multiobjective in nature. The ultimate goal is to develop multiobjective particle swarm optimization algorithms (MOPSOs) that effectively solve CMOPs. In addition to this perspective, the recent successes of MOPSOs in solving unconstrained MOPs have further motivated us to design a constrained MOPSO to solve CMOPs.

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