A Proposed Framework Factors of the Acceptance of Recommender Systems in E Learning for Saudi Universities

A Proposed Framework Factors of the Acceptance of Recommender Systems in E Learning for Saudi Universities

Hadeel Alharbi (University of New England, Australia) and Kamaljeet Sandhu (University of New England, Australia)
Copyright: © 2017 |Pages: 18
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-1944-7.ch006


There is still a gap of knowledge on the usage of recommender systems in Saudi universities and the wider issue of technological change in the universities of developing countries. Relatively, this lack of knowledge is an issue to universities seeking to meet students/instructors' expectations and requirements by offering consistently high perceived service standards of e-learning services in a rapidly changing technological environment. To address this issue, this paper seeks to explore the impact of the acceptance and adoption of recommender systems in e-leaning for Saudi universities and this will help to investigate the students/instructors experience according to the e-learning service quality. Thus, a proposed e-framework has been presented. Such framework describes the factors of acceptance (such as service quality, student/instructor experience, and Human Computer Interaction guidelines) should be considered in the e-learning system because it is viewed as a determinant of student/instructor/university satisfaction.
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User Evaluations Of Service Quality And Levels Of Satisfaction

Service quality and user satisfaction are vital concepts to academia and industry in order to study the user evaluations and experience, and to practitioners as means of building competitive benefits and user loyalty (Iacobucci et al, 1995). Iacobucci et al. (1995) presented two reports to determine whether or not service quality and user satisfactions have special antecedent reasons, consequential effects or both. As a result, the two reports introduced fairly robust user concepts of service quality and satisfaction. It should be noted that sometimes the service quality and user satisfaction are used interchangeably in both industry and academia.

In another study, DeRuyter et al. (DeRuyter et al, 1997) performed an empirical test to the health care service using SERVQUA1 in attempt to indicate the relationship between service quality and user satisfaction. The results showed that the service quality can be treated as an antecedent of user satisfaction. Further study, the authors (Brady et al., 2001) used statistical analysis to study clients of fast-food restaurants in USA and South America. The results illustrated that there was a special relationship between service quality and user satisfaction with consideration to different cultural background. In addition, Sureshchandar and others (2002) pointed out the relationship and interaction between service quality and user satisfaction. Therefore, most of academic surveys and studies stated that the terms quality and satisfaction are appeared highly similar.

However, some researchers in quality pointed out that there is a difference between both terms in that the satisfaction is more specific, short-range evaluation and quality is more general and is long-range evaluation (Parasuraman at el, 1998).

Figure 1.

Consumer evaluation model (service quality and customer satisfaction) (MacCallum, 1993)


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