A Socioeconomic Comparison of Turkey vs. Participating Countries in the Fifth and Sixth Waves of European Union Enlargement

A Socioeconomic Comparison of Turkey vs. Participating Countries in the Fifth and Sixth Waves of European Union Enlargement

İbrahim Akbulut (Usak University, Turkey), Nezih Tayyar (Usak University, Turkey), Koray Yapa (Usak University, Turkey) and Mert Durmus (Usak University, Turkey)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-1188-6.ch007
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Many social and economic variables are used as indicators of the level of development of countries. To determine the level of social and economic development, many criteria were studied in the fields of education, culture, health, and economy. This chapter analyzes 13 European Union countries that participated in the fifth and sixth enlargement process and Turkey, whose ongoing process of accession to the European Union is determined by using socio-economic indicators. Reference Ideal Method (RIM) is a new Multi Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) method. This method differentiates itself from other methods frequently used in literature by using the ideal points or ideal ranges. The chapter shows Turkey must improve socio-economic indicators to be close to the countries in the fifth and sixth waves of enlargement process of European Union.
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Within the scope of the literature review, there are studies on both socio-economic indicators and the RIM method to be used for analysis in this study.

In some of the studies on socio-economic status, countries are compared with other countries and in some studies the relationships of socio-economic variables with different variables are examined. The level of development of countries, enterprises or communities should be analyzed and quantitatively measured by making comparisons. In the calculation of the level, the indicators of the socio-economic status have considerable effects (Demiray Erol, 2013; Ginevičius et al., 2018).

Krylovas, Dadeliene, Kosareva and Dadelo (2019) used the Weight Balancing Indicator Ranks Accordance (WEBIRA) to examine the relationships between the Human Development Index (HDI) and the World Internal Security and Police Index (WISPI) and ranked the European countries based on both indices. They obtained a different ranking by combining the both indices.

Ginevičius, Gedvilaitė, Stasiukynas and Šliogerienė (2018) compared the constant and strong dynamics of socio-economic development in 12 European Union countries and the group of countries (Italy, Greece and Switzerland) in the period of 2007-2016. They stated that the intensity of development and the consistency of this intensity are the two basic indicators of socio-economic status.

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