A Study on Emotion Releasing Effect with Music and Color

A Study on Emotion Releasing Effect with Music and Color

Chih-Fang Huang (Department of Information Communications, Kainan University, Taiwan), Chih-Hsiang Liang (Department of Information Communication, Yuan Ze University, Taiwan) and En-Ju Lin (Department of Musicology, Heidelberg University, Germany)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-4490-8.ch003


Music is considered a remedy for the body body, psychological therapy, and a mental release. During World War Two, health medical professionals held concerts to appease the wounded soldiers’ emotions and to initiate the research and discussion of music and emotion applied to various fields in academia. This chapter attempts to use the music emotion model as the media to introduce the possible emotional response during music listening via music structure, listener’s background, and surroundings, to do the research for human physical and psychological influence by automatic generated electronic sound, and to discuss the emotional releasie effect of music. This chapter also discusses various emotional responses derived by various colors applied to the music emotion model to break the limitation of the existing music forms and to develop the possible music color synesthesia applied to all aspects, in order to lay the foundation for next generation users.
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Music And Emotion Perception

Music can arouse strong emotional experiences. In the early stage, Hevner (Hevner, 1936) has proposed 8 categorized emotion terms including solemn, sad, longing, calm, humorous, joyous, agitated, majestic, etc., as shown in Figure 1, to present the music meaning with various emotions implicitly.

Figure 1.

Hevner’s adjective circle for emotion


Music and Emotion

There are several music features which can make human perceive including pitch, dynamic, timbre, etc., however the features that can arouse emotion including pitch, tempo, loudness, tonality, articulation, and harmony. Among these features, tonality and loudness has greater relation with emotion other than other music features, as shown in Figure 2.

Figure 2.

Music features to compose emotion music


Energy Music Theory

In 1989 Thayer proposed a 2-Dimension emotion plane (Thayer, 1989) using Energy and Stress to categorize emotion. Energy can be represented by Energetic and Calm for the emotional tension quantity, while Stress is represented by Happy and Anxious for the positive and negative emotions, as shown in Figure 3.

Figure 3.

Thayer’s 2-dimension emotion plane


In 18th and 19th centuries, people thought musical keys can be related to various emotions. For instance, A major is “innocent love, satisfaction with one's state of affairs; hope of seeing one's beloved again when parting; youthful cheerfulness and trust in God”, and f minor is “deep depression, funereal lament, groans of misery and longing for the grave” (Schubart, 1983). As a summary, music emotion model can be used as the media to discuss the music applied to emotional release effect, based on various music and color features controlled by computer.

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