A Systematic Approach towards the Typology of Functions of National Health System: Provision of Functional Model of National Health System

A Systematic Approach towards the Typology of Functions of National Health System: Provision of Functional Model of National Health System

Mostafa Zamanian (University of Tehran, Iran) and Zohreh Karimmian (University of Tehran, Iran)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-1674-3.ch057
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Abstract

As one of the main national systems in any country, the health system has always been considered by governments. What distinguishes health system from other systems is that its purpose is directly related to the public health. Different countries adopt different structural patterns in this field but one can consider relatively common functions for a national health system which includes all functional aspects for this system. In recent years, attempts have been made for offering a comprehensive model in describing the functions. The OECD determined principles needed to offer an appropriate typology that should be independent of the names of health programs in different countries. In this chapter, it's tried to provide an overview of the proposed models for structures and functions of the health system and to propose a comprehensive model for it with an emphasis on theoretical aspects of public policy-making and binding functions in any national development system. This comprehensive model, provides the possibility to evaluate the success of a health system.
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Background

Various models of the health system can be divided into two sets: structural models and functional models. Next, a brief definition of each of these two types and an overview of the proposed models in each type will be provided.

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