A Systematic Literature Review on the Application of Blockchain Technology in Biometric Analysis Focusing on DNA

A Systematic Literature Review on the Application of Blockchain Technology in Biometric Analysis Focusing on DNA

Dilshan Hasitha Fernando, Banujan Kuhaneswaran, B. T. G. S. Kumara
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-6684-4755-0.ch005
(Individual Chapters)
No Current Special Offers


In the present world, we need a secured human identification system to identify humans. These kinds of systems will help forensics and the healthcare sector. But with the rapid development of technology there might have a huge security problem with these kinds of security systems. So, we also need more highly secured technology to implement this secured system. Because of this concern the authors move with the blockchain as the main technology area for this application. Also, the authors chose to use DNA or genome to identify humans as the unique key. Applying DNA binary sequence to the blockchain will provide multiple problems, which are finding and suitable algorithms. So, in this review, the authors are providing a systematic literature review (SLR) by focusing on multiple factors which are blockchain and the DNA using standard eight databases. From these reviews, the authors found the 73 total research publications, and after reading the title and the abstraction the authors selected the most relevant 10 research papers for this research domain. This paper is discusses the most suitable technology combinations and future works.
Chapter Preview


This section briefly discusses the main domain areas in which the researchers plan to conduct the research; Blockchain and DNA.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Bitcoin: Bitcoin is a peer-to-peer virtual currency that may be transmitted over the bitcoin network. Bitcoin transactions are cryptographically verified by network nodes and stored in a public distributed ledger known as a blockchain.

Smart Contract: Smart contract is a kind of program that defines how business logic should be in the blockchain.

Human Identification: Identification of humans using biometrics such as fingerprint, DNA or iris is called Human Identification.

Systematic Literature Review: A systematic literature review is a scholarly synthesis of information on a clearly articulated issue that use critical approaches to discover, define, and evaluate research on the topic.

DNA: Deoxyribonucleic acid is a blueprint of functions in the Human body. This biometric is almost impossible to remove from humans because each cell contains the exact copy of the DNA sequence.

Blockchain: Blockchain is a novel distributed technology that focuses on immutable data transactions with high security.

Biometrics: Biometrics are body-related human characteristics which almost unique to every human. Some example includes fingerprint, DNA, iris, etc.

Complete Chapter List

Search this Book: