Activities in Oil and Gas Processing for Avoiding or Minimizing Environmental Impacts

Activities in Oil and Gas Processing for Avoiding or Minimizing Environmental Impacts

Svijetlana Dubovski (INA Plc, Croatia)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-4777-0.ch012
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Formal risk assessments are necessary at various phases of the asset life cycle as they help personnel identify, evaluate, and control hazards that could result in loss of life, injury, pollution, property damage, or business disruption. Hazard evaluations of production development concepts or facility design are well-defined processes, for which much literature is available as guidance. Such evaluations are mandated in some jurisdictions for project regulatory approval. This chapter provides guidance on activities implementation from designing phase, construction phase, operational phase, and decommissioning phase of gathering and processing systems. For each phase, activities that can be implemented to avoid or minimize environmental impact are described, emphasizing the implementation purpose.
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The operators are dedicated to responsible development of oil and natural gas resources. Responsible development includes good relationships with our neighbors and a commitment to environmental protection and compliance with all applicable federal, state, and local regulations.

Management leadership and commitment has to be converted into action by the provision of adequate financial and personal resources to ensure that environmental protection measures are incorporated in all operations. Each operating site may need to develop its own specific objectives, and relevant operational targets in line with the company’s broader strategic objectives (Rahmawati, 2012). This should be initiated by the site manager, and achieved through a formal communication and consultation process that involves staff, contractors and local stakeholders. The roles, responsibilities, authorities, accountabilities and relationships necessary to implement environmental management must be clearly defined for that site. Line staff in all aspects of operational activity should be assigned specific environmental responsibility and authority within their spheres of control, and must be competent to perform their duties effectively.

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