Actual Aspects of Inclusive Model: Methods and Algorithm of Formation of Research Competence in a Student's Individual Educational Trajectory

Actual Aspects of Inclusive Model: Methods and Algorithm of Formation of Research Competence in a Student's Individual Educational Trajectory

Irina Potapova (Astrakhan State Architecture and Construction University, Russia), Aleksandr Bershadsky (Penza State University, Russia), Alina Stroiteleva (Penza State University, Russia), Vladislav Karpovich (Penza State University, Russia), Igor G. Krevskiy (Penza State University, Russia) and Tyulikova Lana (HHH University, Belarus)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-3485-3.ch014

Abstract

The main problem of contemporary inclusive pedagogy, which Russia has not yet reached its proper development, is the lack of development of theoretical and methodological framework of the integrated and inclusive education. In this connection, is now teaching science in Russia is aimed at systematization and generalization of already well-established methodology for inclusion of positions, identifying problem areas and offer new solutions. In modern conditions, the inclusive education in Russia is a promising form of education for all, as the inclusive education process requires adequate organization of educational activity that meets the educational needs of each person. This significantly expands the possibility of socialization of persons with special features of health, methods of communication with the society, formed the necessary preconditions for the inclusion of every person in society. In modern Russian society, one can find increasing understanding of the importance of man as the highest value.
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Introduction

The main problem of contemporary inclusive pedagogy, which Russia has not yet reached its proper development, is the lack of development of theoretical and methodological framework of the integrated and inclusive education. In this connection, is now teaching science in Russia is aimed at systematization and generalization of already well-established methodology for inclusion of positions, identifying problem areas and offer new solutions.

In modern conditions, the inclusive education in Russia is a promising form of education for all, as the inclusive education process requires adequate organization of educational activity that meets the educational needs of each person. This significantly expands the possibility of socialization of persons with special features of health, methods of communication with the society, formed the necessary preconditions for the inclusion of every person in society.

In modern Russian society, one can find increasing understanding of the importance of man as the highest value. However, in our country, more than 2 million people belong to the category of people with disabilities (8% of the total youth population). People with disabilities make up about 700 thousand people. At the same time, there is an annual increase in the number of this category of people. Belonging to the human ethnic, linguistic, cultural, religious minorities, talent, psychophysical abnormalities and others puts him in the position of the subject of inclusive education process and requires a deep study of the basic laws, technology and mechanisms of its training and education especially in higher education. While the new law “Of education” in Russia stated inclusive education as “equal access to education for all students quite clearly, given the diversity of special educational needs and individual capabilities” (st. 2, paragraph 27), in Russia prevails so-called “spontaneous “inclusion. At this stage of development of our civilization as a whole, the problems of inclusive education are actualized in different cultures, debated its importance and priority over other forms of learning. It should be noted that the theory and practice of formation of the inclusive education in the Western countries (Canada, USA, and UK) is earlier in comparison with the Russian history of inclusive education. But it is doubtful whether any one of these countries will be able to compete with special education in Russia, which, in turn, now occupies a leading role in the spread of the foundations of inclusion. In modern conditions the educators, researchers, scientists, theorists and educational practices carried out an active borrowing of Western experience of inclusive education, but the current development of this problem is fragmented. This suggests that we are directed, first of all, the fact that bring together the work of the system of special educational institutions and comprehensive experience. In Russia, in modern science and practice to label and describe the pedagogical process in which healthy people and people with disabilities are trained and brought up together, we often use terms such as integration, mainstreaming, inclusion. Do these terms really differ? And why did they give birth, after the application and testing of new and new processes? More capacious processes and at the same time is almost parallel. Integration of Russia took a firm's right to exist, but do not always get their way. As a process, it delayed the integration of its availability, but in practice it turned out that only 15% of the total number of people able to receive special education, others, unfortunately, at different stages, but came back in the familiar environment of special education. A term used in the foreign literature, indicates a strategy in which people with disabilities to communicate with their peers in the various recreational programs, which allows you to expand their social contacts. Any educational purposes usually are not formulated. The main disadvantages of these forms of association (integration, mainstreaming), according to the researchers, advocates the inability of the educational environment to the needs of people with disabilities. Men with disabilities forced to adapt to the existing conditions of education, have remained broadly unchanged. That is, people with disabilities must be sufficiently prepared in terms of cognitive and personal development and learning in a mass educational institution. To facilitate the learning process to be introduced defect logical system, psychological and educational assistance to persons with special abilities.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Online and Blended Learning of Adults: Learners are adults, and training is carried out continuously throughout life. The purpose of adult education is closely associated with certain socio-psychological, occupational, household, personal problems, or factors or conditions with sufficiently clear ideas about further application of acquired knowledge, skills and qualities.

Organizational Potential: Methodical approach to the assessment of organizational capacity higher education institutions.

Adaptive Technology: Special technology for disabilities.

Didactic Method: A teaching method that follows a consistent scientific approach or educational style to engage the student’s mind.

Education Technology: Technical, biological and engineering systems for Education whose components are combined, controlled and generated using the aligned single processing core. All the components at all levels of interaction are combined in the network infrastructure. All components include built-in calculators, providing data processing in real-time.

Virtual Assistant: Special soft program creating in HHH University for training.

Chattering: It is results in chattering, an undesirable phenomenon of applying SMC, where high frequency switching is applied to the system during the sliding phase.

Distance Education Expert (DEE): High level specialist in DE.

Feedback Control: Control System in DE.

Students with Disabilities: Particular ensuring access to higher education for people with disabilities.

Online Multi-Cloud Platform Lab: Laboratory on the Internet, which is available on the multi cloud platform and intended for research, training and development of forecasting.

Virtual Research Environment: The space where with the help of virtual reality creates a special environment for research.

Functional Modeling Software Platform: A specification software designed to be used modeling of the risk management process of Enterprise Resource Planning on lab Multi-Cloud Platform has allowed us to solve the problem of compliance, as well as to identify modern and future issues, concepts, trends and solutions IS&T throughout the software life cycle.

Researcher Avatar: Personalized graphic file or rendering that represents a computer user used to represent researcher in an online environment.

Discontinuous Control: It this brings the discontinuity to the control, and the whole nonlinear system.

Pedagogical and Engineering Features: Effective application in education is not technological and managerial challenges of modern education, since its solution involves regulation of relations between all subsystems and elements of the educational system.

Indicator of Sliding Mode: The software for control virtual research space, maintain it sliding mode.

Sliding Mode Control (SMC): Control algorithm for adjustment of learning tasks.

Assessment of Institutional Effectiveness: Application of the multivariate analysis conformity for the structural analysis of the pedagogical staff of the research university.

Second – Order Sliding Mode (SOSM): Order reduction phenomenon was reviewed above and partial dynamic collapse is the reduction of order for the compensated dynamics of the SMC of the system.

Construction of Equivalent Control Action: The system motion along the sliding surface can be interpreted as an average of the system’s dynamics on both sides of the sliding surface.

Moderator Avatar: Personalized graphic file or rendering that represents a computer user used to represent moderator in an online environment.

Learning Goals and Objectives: Joint pedagogical aspects.

Information System: A system composed of people and computers that processes or interprets information.

Learning Environment: Combination of various educational technologies (including at least one communication module).

Triple H-AVATAR Technology: The technology of modeling and simulation based on known technology of Avatar used in the HHH University since 2010.

Multimedia Online Teaching: Recently been revolutionized by the recent development in information and communication technologies.

Teacher Avatar: Personalized graphic file or rendering that represents a computer user used to represent moderator in an online environment.

Studying and Training in Joint Activities: Organizational aspects for training.

Determination of Equivalent Control: The system motion along the sliding surface can be interpreted as an average of the system’s dynamics on both sides of the sliding surface.

Student Avatar: Personalized graphic file or rendering that represents a computer user used to represent student in an online environment.

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