Addressing the New Pragmatic Methods in Urban Design Discipline

Addressing the New Pragmatic Methods in Urban Design Discipline

Hisham Abusaada (Housing and Building National Research Center (HBRC), Egypt) and Abeer Elshater (Ain Shams University, Egypt)
Copyright: © 2021 |Pages: 18
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-3479-3.ch083

Abstract

This chapter addresses “new methods” to display research problems which are strongly linked with the issue of urban emotions. It focuses on how to use these methods in urban design, based on the dominant science and new analytical approaches, such as “virtual world design,” “spatial planning,” “geoinformatics,” “urban sensing,” and “a three-dimensional model of the city.” This chapter reveals the methods that help the designer to measure people's sensation in cities. These methods try to balance between two fundamental issues. The first is collecting data about city places from each survey about people's behaviour. The second is exploring the reliability and validity of these methods and measures by pragmatically applying them to the analysis of real-world problems.
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Background And Settings Of Urban Form And Spatial Analysis

Urban form is one of the most critical concerns of urban design. It focuses on the relationship between people and place in the built environment, with particular attention to the relationship between built-up mass and urban spaces. For decades, the specialists have devised several dimensions which govern these bilateral relations people-place and built-up mass-spaces. They are functional, social, economic, environmental, behavioral, aesthetic-visual, cognitive-perceptual, and temporal dimensions. Spatial analysis of urban spaces is one of the conventional analytical methods that urban design has used for measuring and analyzing the urban form, which was extended, based on Kevin Lynch’s (1960) famous theory “the Image of the City”.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Spatial Analysis: A research paradigm to explain the patterns of human behavior and their spatial expression through analyzing the events of a location or place, by focuses on two ways: buffering and overlaying.

Pragmatic Method: Depends on the philosophy that inspires people to attend for a way and do the things by the best to achieve their aspired intentions and ends.

Urban Sensing: Investigate the dynamics of the city considering people as sensors related the social networks in the community. It focuses on urban computing to handle the data through ubiquitous computing techniques.

Urban Emotion: An interdisciplinary and trans-disciplinary psycho-physiological approach and method; it provides feedback to real-world. People are the sensors focusing on the data about the change in body reactions. UE is to extract contextual emotion information from the data of “technical and human sensor” for decisions support and the evaluation of ongoing planning and design processes.

Urban Form: Consequences of two parts of the built environment (masses and spaces), which emerges in three-dimensional configuration of the physical characteristics related different scales. It responds to the total societal impacts of the built environment: functional, socio-cultural, economic, behavioural, temporal, political, environmental, and technological dimensions.

Wayfinding: A strategy, approach, quantitative analytical method, and methodology to explore the spatial system and the configuration of the layout of the built environment, as well as it examines the effects of this configuration on the organization of the functions of the situation and the relations with the entire system.

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