Administering Education and Training Through a Web-Based System: E-Curriculum

Administering Education and Training Through a Web-Based System: E-Curriculum

Tuncer Susam (Ministry of National Education, Turkey), Mehmet Durnali (Ereğli Faculty of Education, Zonguldak Bülent Ecevit University, Turkey) and Şenol Orakci (Aksaray University, Turkey)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-1408-5.ch002

Abstract

The chapter aims to describe e-Curriculum System of the Turkish Ministry of National Education (MoNE) in the context of administering education and training. The system, as a web-based educational administration tool, its benefits to administering, and importance of it were introduced at first. A brief organizational and technological structure of MoNE and reason to implement the system were given. The system's curriculum module (acquisition management system), book review module, annual plan module, question bank module were explained in detail. As a result of the implementation of such an e-curriculum and its components, it is clear that a strong and vivid curriculum administering structure has been forming in MoNE. This system is beneficial for the highly centralized organization of MoNE by helping to coordinate all stakeholders. The MoNE will conduct education administration more professionally, and teachers in Turkey will teach in an educational environment where their problems are solved easily and quickly.
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Introduction

They stated, “for thousands of years, education and training that manifested within a triangle of school-teacher-student has now used new, multifaceted, multi-channel alternatives with the use of technologies in the education system” (Durnalı, Orakcı & Aktan, 2019, p. 228). Education and training can be administered efficiently thanks to the innovations and new useful trends in computers and the Internet, especially in web-based technological systems. With such kinds of web-based systems, it can be possible to submit and review course books according to Ministry’s criteria.

The global expectations of 21st-century education have already touched all continents and communities and will certainly gain more attention and meaning over the next decade. Educational ideas and practices are increasingly being experienced by people and nations at different levels. For this reason, today's people are forced to live in this different and competitive world and as a result, they are confronted with all the challenges ahead of them. To enable them to explore and innovate techniques that will help them deal with these challenges easily, a new form of curriculum is required. That is called an electronic curriculum, or e-Curriculum that aims to provide a detailed description of the practical use of new digital technologies in education (Gharaibeh & Alsmadi, 2012; Krishna, 2005). It can be defined as computer-based learning, involving educational materials accessible to learners by means of CD or DVD as well as web mechanisms and online courses utilized to do a literature search. It also consists of electronic systems utilized to increase academic programs such as course evaluations, online testing and email, and different forms of instructional technology involving supplying laptops with students, Internet-compatible, wireless classrooms, and multimedia projection systems (Hendricson et al., 2004). According to AllofE Solutions (2019), e-Curriculum has many benefits:

  • It enables learners and parents to have online access to course descriptions, prerequisites, and objectives.

  • It standardizes curriculum all through schools in a place and makes certain that the curriculum is parallel to predetermined standards.

  • It organizes a web-based portal that makes it possible for learners and parents to have access to information on academic necessities.

  • It enables teachers to have access to best practices and curriculum digitally so that it saves time and money.

  • It develops group works in order to plan what to be taught when it is going to be taught and the connected tools and resources for instruction.

  • It makes it possible for teachers to share their best applications with their colleagues for increasing student achievements.

According to MoNE (2019a), as a web-based system, e-Curriculum makes it possible for learners to have access to curriculum content regardless of time or place. It creates an awareness of the information being delivered to both teachers and parents. In short, it is composed of three main features in terms of the information process. These are as follows:

  • 1)

    Information Control: e-Curriculum enables authorities to maintain control and be aware of curriculum plans involving course objectives, evaluation strategies, and benchmark ordering, which helps them to view and modernize present curriculum standards and plans.

  • 2)

    Teacher/Student Expectations: e-Curriculum enables students to learn what they are expected to learn, teachers to be mindful of what they are expected to teach, parents to be informed of all educational expectations within the curriculum by means of access to such information regardless of time or place.

  • 3)

    Anywhere/Anytime Access: Thanks to the e-Curriculum’s web-based functionality, teachers, students, and parents always have access to the most up-to-date information.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Question Bank Module: It aims to ensure that the Ministry will have a systematic question bank system.

E-Curriculum: It is based on computer-based learning, involving educational materials accessible to learners by means of CD or DVD with aim of providing a detailed description of the practical use of new digital technologies in education.

Curriculum Module: It is the acquisition management system section of the software, imvolving the acquisition maps, explanations and other components of all courses to be taught within the Ministry of National Education.

Book Review Module: It aims to examine all the textbooks to be used in educational activities within the ministry by independent and impartial field experts.

2023 Vision Document of Turkey: It involves what Turkey intends to do until 2023.

Data-Based Management With Learning Analytics Tools: It is the e-curriculum system that can keep the monitoring and evaluation results of the students based on acquisition.

Annual Planning Module: It involves the follow-up system of all the group and board meetings held in the schools as well as the student-based monitoring and evaluation system.

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