Advocating Information System, Information Integration, and Information Sharing in Global Supply Chain

Advocating Information System, Information Integration, and Information Sharing in Global Supply Chain

DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-3909-4.ch070
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This chapter explains the overview of information system (IS) in global supply chain, the interorganizational information system (IOS) integration in global supply chain, the overview of information integration in global supply chain, and the overview of information sharing in global supply chain. Successful SCM can provide the high level of business planning and decision support concerning supply chain-related activities that involve the coordination of organization-wide distribution processes, the sharing of information, and the integration of information. Information sharing and information integration through effective IS can significantly improve the way supply chains and their supply chain partners do business, especially in the perspectives of globalization and outsourcing, toward continuing to have an accomplished effect on supply chain operations. The chapter argues that advocating IS, information integration, and information sharing has the potential to increase supply chain performance and gain sustainable competitive advantage in global supply chain.
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As competition becomes increasingly global in nature, the importance of global SCM grows (Connelly, Ketchen, & Hult, 2013). In recent years, firms in the high-technology supply chains have established the Internet-based electronic linkages with their trading partners (Sodero, Rabinovich, & Sinha, 2013). IT has emerged as an essential tool in managing the business-to-business relationships (Pereira, 2009). IT alignment refers to the similarity, connectivity and compatibility of IT infrastructure between supply chain partners (Sanders, 2005). SCM aims to support the organizations, thus providing the method to align the technology with the capabilities of organizations among supply chain partners (Shaik & Abdul-Kader, 2013). IT alignment should be achieved among supply chain partners (Wu, Yeniyurt, Kim, & Cavusgil, 2006). The relationships among IT competency, interfirm collaboration and supply chain responsiveness have significant market performance implications (Kim & Lee, 2010).

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