Agriculture Pollution

Agriculture Pollution

P. Senthil Kumar (Sri Sivasubramaniya Nadar College of Engineering, India) and P. R. Yaashikaa (Sri Sivasubramaniya Nadar College of Engineering, India)
Copyright: © 2019 |Pages: 21
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-5754-8.ch009

Abstract

Vast industrialization and population expansion forced an increase in the utilization of natural resources for human survival. Agriculture is a critical process in which livestock and growth of crops have to be balanced equally. Humans completely depend on agriculture for food and nutrition. Presently, the agricultural sector faces destructive activities due to chemical fertilizers and pesticides which cause environmental pollution. Agricultural pollution signifies biotic and abiotic side effects of cultivating practices that outcome in infection and deterioration of the environment and encompassing biological communities, as well as causing health effects to humans. Eutrophication, loss of biodiversity, contamination of soil, air, and water, depletion of fertility of soil are a few causes of agricultural pollution. Management of these pollutants includes replacement with biological formulations, run-off water treatment, minimizing use of nutrients, and livestock management. Thus, there is a need for securing the agriculture sector for crop productivity and handling country's economy.
Chapter Preview
Top

Introduction

Agricultural practice is the development and reproducing of creatures, plants and growths for nutrition, fibre, biofuel, therapeutic plants and different items used to maintain and upgrade human life. Agriculture was the key advancement in the ascent of inactive human progress, whereby cultivating of trained species made sustenance surpluses that sustained the improvement of development. The investigation of farming is known as agricultural science. The historical backdrop of agriculture goes back a large number of years, and its improvement has been driven and characterized by extraordinary atmospheres, societies, and innovations. Modern agriculture in light of extensive scale monoculture cultivating has turned into the overwhelming agrarian procedure. For quite a long time, agriculture has been related with the generation of fundamental nutritional crops. At present, agribusiness well beyond cultivating incorporates dairy, natural product development, poultry, honey bee keeping, mushroom, discretionary, and so forth. Today, preparing, advertising, and circulation of harvests and animals products and so forth are altogether recognized as a major aspect of current agriculture. Thus, agriculture could be termed as the creation, handling, advancement and appropriation farming products. Farming assumes a basic part in the whole existence of a given economy. Agriculture is the foundation of the economic arrangement of a given nation. In spite of providing nourishment and crude material, agriculture additionally gives business chances to substantial rate of the population. The advancement of farming exceeding subsistence levels made it workable for societies to then have other individuals in the group represent considerable authority in other skills. It is the main biggest business giving area and biggest uncomposed division on the earth. Over 70% of the world representatives are reliant on this division both specifically and indirectly. Unfortunately it is the totally disregarded part in India.

Present day agriculture, plant reproducing, agrochemicals, for example, pesticides and composts, and mechanical improvements have resulted in expanded yields from development, yet in the meantime have caused natural harm and negative human wellbeing impacts. Particularly reproduction and present day techniques in animal husbandry have correspondingly expanded the yield of meat, yet have raised specific notices about animal husbandry and the health impacts of the anti-toxins, development hormones, and different chemicals normally utilized as a part of industrial large scale meat generation. Genetically modified organisms are an expanding segment of farming, despite the fact that they are restricted in a few nations. Farming food generation and water administration are progressively getting to be worldwide issue. Critical contamination of land and water resources, including the consumption of aquifers, has been seen in late decades, and the impacts of an Earth-wide global warming and of agricultural practise on an unnatural weather change are as yet not completely recognised (Jones et al., 2017).

Though agriculture remains as a major source of country’s nutrition and economy, the pollution caused by agricultural practise leads to various health and environmental issues. The pollutants released into atmosphere and their root of behaviour is of highly important.

Complete Chapter List

Search this Book:
Reset