AI and FPGA-Based IoT Architectures, Models, and Platforms for Smart City Application

AI and FPGA-Based IoT Architectures, Models, and Platforms for Smart City Application

Bishwajeet Kumar Pandey (Gyancity Research Consultancy Pvt Ltd, India), D. M. Akbar Hussain (Aalborg University, Denmark) and Jason Levy (University of Hawaii, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-1253-1.ch005

Abstract

Anything that has an IP address is IoT-enabled. In this chapter, the authors have surveyed nine different IoT-enabled designs from IoT-based water management cyber-physical system (IoT-WMCPS) to IoT-based random access memory (IoT-RAM). They have also surveyed a platform called Quickscript. The Quickscript platform is used to develop natural language based IoT system. The nine different IoT-enabled designs discussed in this chapter are IoT-enabled bicycle called Mo-Bike, IoT-enabled house, IoT-enabled water utility, IoT-enabled mining, IoT-enabled healthcare, IoT-enabled frame buffer, IoT-enabled RAM, IoT-enabled key generator, and IoT-enabled wi-fi encoder. In cyber physical systems for water supply, researchers are able to integrate IPv6 addresses into sensors, actuators, and controllers used in water supply systems. The IPv6 address is integrating into every object available in the city so that researchers may track any object when need occurs. We may locate freely available IoT-enabled bicycles if we need to go anywhere, and we may also trace bicycles in case of theft by criminals.
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Introduction

In this chapter, we shall observe the enormous consequences of the internet on our lives. We are linked with so many things that are already having internet connectivity and play a vital role in our lives. As well as the Internet has gained space in our everyday work, and we are, in a way based on it. With the emergence of AI and the internet of things (IoT), the concept of incorporating smart elements/devices in our daily life is a reality now. We are more connected, secure and advanced than ever before. There are multiple possibilities of IoT enable design. Some of these are: IoT facilitates Bicycle, IoT facilitates Coffee Pot, IoT enables Bank, IoT enables Camera, IoT enables Cart, IoT enables House, IoT enables Light Bulb, IoT enables Water Utility, IoT facilitates Car, IoT enables Police Emergency, IoT enables Travel, IoT enables Frame Buffer, IoT enables RAM, IoT facilitates Key Generator, and IoT enables Wi-Fi Encoder. These possible IoT enable designs are shown in Fig. 1. Not only this there are endless possibilities by virtue of IoT can shape up our lives.

Figure 1.

IoT Enable Architecture of Smart City

978-1-7998-1253-1.ch005.f01

Now, the world is adopting the internet of things (IoT) and has a remarkable effect on our routine lifestyle, especially in Water Management Cyber-Physical System (Pandey et al., 2018). This chapter is motivated by the IoT concept and discusses a way through which electronic devices and other equipment will get an IPv6 address to become IoT enable electronic circuits of Frame Buffer (Musavi et al., 2015), RAM (Moudgil et al., 2015; Moudgil et al., 2015) and Encoder (Singh et al., 2015) and Key Generator (Kaur et al., 2014; Kumar, Pandey, & Das, 2013). The chapter will also discuss the hope and prospect to design IoT systems which is managed via natural language, with the help of Quick Script as an integrated development environment (IDE) (Khanna et al., 2016). The whole idea and motivation behind this chapter is to provide latest trends of the IoT, its background, it’s possibilities in the future and the advantages and disadvantages linked with it. There is a vast scope in IoT that can lend us multiple job offers.

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Literature Survey

This WM-CPS is IoT enable because controllers used in WM-CPS always get a distinct IPv6 address for connecting with the internet (Pandey et al., 2018). As the future of the internet connectivity is IPv^ so the scientist all around the World had agreed to use IPv6 as a standard for IoT communication. Scientist analyses how few changes can be incorporated in the design of Quick Script (QS) and that result in uncomplicated and straightforward platform that leads to generation of natural language based IoT systems (Khanna et al., 2016). These few changes are simple and are easy to modify as compared to the old techniques that required to change the entire code even if any small error occurred. The researcher has inserted a 128-bit IP address in Random Access Memory (RAM) to make the IoTs enable RAM. Eventually, the researcher operated our IOTs Enable RAM with a different operating frequency of I3, I5, I7, Moto-E and Moto-X (Moudgil et al., 2015). In some other related work, researcher has designed IoT enables energy efficient and thermal-aware frame buffer to accumulate the frames and uses that frame to detect variation in object location. To make IoTs enable frame buffer design, the researcher is also embedding a 128-bit IPv6 address into the frame buffer. IoTs enable frame buffer design is controllable across the globe (Musavi et al., 2015). Researchers are making Energy Efficient Internet of Things (IoT) Enable RAM (Moudgil et al., 2015) and Encoder (Singh et al., 2015). There are efforts toward operating IOTs Enable RAM with a different operating frequency of typical processor architecture like I3, I5, I7, Moto-E, and Moto-X. Researcher also got inspiration from that IoT concept and presents a way through which electronic devices and other circuits can have a key embedded inside (Kaur et al., 2014). IoT has successfully applied in Bi-cycle(“AT&T Internet of Things”, 2017; “Mo-Bike in Europe”, n.d.), Home Automation (Kodali, Jain, Bose & Boppana, 2016; Gubbi et al., 2013), Healthcare (Ukil et al., 2016; Kwon et al., 2016; Savola et al., n.d.) and Mining (Kunkun & Xiangong, 2014).

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