“Airpocalypse” or Tsar Economic China: Analysis of Unsustainable Environment and Reason Behind Increased Global Warming

“Airpocalypse” or Tsar Economic China: Analysis of Unsustainable Environment and Reason Behind Increased Global Warming

Fauzia Ghani (G. C. University, Pakistan) and Komal Ashraf Qureshi (Kinnaird College for Women, Pakistan)
Copyright: © 2018 |Pages: 25
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-3990-2.ch006

Abstract

This chapter focuses on the case study of China, which is facing grave issues regarding environment and global warming. Hence, the “Airpocalypse” in China led to need and debate about the sustainability of the environment. In this chapter, an effort has been made to analyze the environmental sustainability risk which the country of China can have for the increasing rate of global warming, and how this part of region can have a transnational impact on other neighboring countries when it comes to the cause of making environment pure from pollutants, carbon dioxide, and coal emissions. The methodology of this research is qualitative, descriptive, and analytical in nature. This chapter includes the variable of environmental sustainability which is dependent on the energy consumption of industries of China involved in emission of greenhouse gases.
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Introduction

There is a strong nexus between making money and degrading the pure environment alongside. In reality, if companies or industries would have to pay the costs they are blamed for, they would never able to get any profit from what they are making in order to attain economic benefits. This cost is nothing but a continuous damage to the environmental, which was supposed to remain pure. However, this is not the case now as the environment of the world is suffering a lot mainly because there is one to one relationship between the revenue of the corporate companies and the environmental damage. For example, if there is a drought problem in some place, it is not considered as the environmental problem only rather it is nothing but a fundamental risk to the corporations who are running their businesses because then they have to involve in the process of shifting procurement or raw materials, or their sales effort in different markets. According to the research, one of the murky reality is that the corporations are working without making any commitments for putting in their fair share to the sustainability of the environment. This fact has been observed especially in making policies to refrain from economic activities which are involved in increasing global warming rate.

This chapter has focused on the case study of China, which is facing grave issues regarding environment and global warming. The history of economic growth and boom in China although greatly increased, but has created many problems for a sustainable environment. According to the research, the devastated environmental situation in China is not the result of recent economic policies, but it is the result of the manufacturing institutions involved for over centuries. However, the country started to took some initiative when in 1972, when United Nation Organization on the Human Environmental conditions asked China to start the developmental policies by establishing the environmental institutions. There is no doubt that China owns mostly the state-owned markets and corporations but there is a need for the government to revisit the structure of the state-society relations with the bureaucratic power. China is considered to be the largest emitter of the greenhouse gases in the world according to the statistics of 2014. Moreover, the consumption of the country’s energy has been ballooned immensely by late 2015. According to the Greenpeace East Asia report of December 2015, almost 80% of the 367 countries, China has failed to meet the standards for air pollution (Hatt, 2015).

As China is the world’s largest producer of coal, which consists of more than half of the world’s consumption. Rapid urbanization has increased the energy demands for building of new manufacturing and industrial units. According to various experts, the cities of China are facing hazardous environmental issues regarding water depletion problem and water pollution which has become the biggest environmental challenge for the country. It has also been found out that almost half of the main rivers in China has been labelled as totally unfit for humans. The government has failed to establish the link between the consumption and the management of resources. In the past, there have been many countries in the world which have taken effective steps to control the consumption of pollutants; for example, in 1969, when the “Chuyahoga River” located in United States of America in the state of Ohio, faced the problem of thick pollutants which led to the bereaving of fish throughout, after which in the very next year, the Environmental Protection Agency was founded in America. Similarly, in 1970, the country of Japan faced the poisonous mercury spilling problem which was coming from the plastics industries, after which strict environmental laws were passed. Recently, in Beijing, the putrid thick layer of smog of January 2013 went worse than any of the previous year which led to the explosion of the public concern in China. However, no preventive immediate measures were taken by the government of China, as public themselves started to take initiatives to save their lives (Liu & Raven, 2010).

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