Altmetrics: Its Trend and Application in Knowledge Information Centres

Altmetrics: Its Trend and Application in Knowledge Information Centres

Payel Biswas (Institute of Urban Transport, India)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-9825-1.ch009

Abstract

According to information scientists, information is modified into knowledge by adding experience. Researchers need powerful and successful filters to help them stay abreast of literature in their field, as well as methods to track the impact of their own research in often very specialized areas of interest. Traditional mechanisms such as peer review and citation searching using bibliometrics are no longer sufficient tools to aid researchers. How can librarians become leaders and powerful allies in this new landscape? Enter the world of Altmetrics. Altmetrics, or alternative citation metrics, provides researchers and scholars with new ways to track influence across a wide range of media and platforms. Altmetrics are metrics and qualitative data that are complementary to traditional, citation-based metrics. Altmetrics is a field of web-based metrics that accounts for total author influence which also looks beyond journal and monographic citation counts to the social web. The aim of this chapter is to explain the concept of library and librarian involvement with altmetrics.
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Evaluation Of Altmetrics

The definition of Altmetrics clears; one of the first conditions for the development was the growing of the Social Web. The part of Internet fascinated on social relationships and affairs. From the year 1990 to 2000 the Internet has been shifted very highly to human’s everyday life. It shifted to various innovative toolmakers which offering users more and more ways to invent, share original and personal content on the web. From below table (1), we can understand the evaluation of Altmetrics from Bibliometric (Priem and Costello, 2010, Rodgers and Barbrow, 2013).

Table 1.
History table
Sr. No.TermInvented ByYearActivities
1.    BibliometricAlan Pritchard    19601. To calculate the scholarly works it used the Journal Impact Factor (JIF)
2. It counted the citation number of Journal and articles.
3. JIF created by Institute of Scientific Information (ISI – now Thomson Reuters)
4. JIF is used to assess the quality and prestige of a journal.
2.ScientometricsT. Braunin    19771. Scientometrics is the study of measuring and analysing science, technology and innovation.
2. Major research issues include the measurement of impact, reference sets of articles to investigate the impact of journals and institutes, understanding of scientific citations, mapping scientific fields and the production of indicators for use in policy and management contexts.
3.    InformaticsOtto Nacke    19791. Informetrics is the study of quantitative aspects of information. This includes the production, dissemination and use of all forms of information, regardless of its form or origin.
1.    WebometricsAlmind and Ingwersen    19971. Webometrics can be defined as using of bibliometric techniques in order to study the relationship of different sites on the World Wide Web.
2. These techniques may also be used to map out (called “scientific mapping”) areas of the Web that appear to be most useful based on the number of times they are hyperlinked to other Web sites.
3.AltametricsJason Priem20101. Altmetrics are metrics and qualitative data that are complementary to traditional, citation-based metrics. (as discussed in this chapter)

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