Ambient Assisted Living for People with Motor Impairments

Ambient Assisted Living for People with Motor Impairments

Ilia Adami (Foundation for Research and Technology–Hellas (FORTH),Greece), Margherita Antona (Foundation for Research and Technology–Hellas (FORTH), Greece) and Constantine Stephanidis (Foundation for Research and Technology–Hellas (FORTH), Greece & University of Crete, Greece)
Copyright: © 2014 |Pages: 29
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-4442-7.ch003
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Abstract

The field of Ambient Assisted Living (AAL) has shown great potential in counteracting some of the effects of the worldwide population ageing phenomenon. Its main goal is to promote a safe, healthy, and functional living environment for the elderly and people with disabilities who wish to live independently in their home. To achieve this goal, AAL environments utilize Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) and the emerging Ambient Intelligence (AmI) paradigm in order to provide sophisticated solutions that can support the needs of an elderly person or a person with disabilities, at home. This chapter will present examples of AAL environments found in research and academic literature and the solutions they offer to cater for the basic needs of people with motor impairments in order to support their independent living and quality of life. The challenges of using such technologies will also be discussed.
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Ambient Assisted Living (Aal) Overview

AAL refers to the use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) in a person's living environment in an unobtrusive way enabling them to continue living a comfortable, independent, active life and staying socially connected well into old age. AAL’s main goal is to provide the technological platform to support individuals in living an autonomous life for as long as possible. The roots of AAL are in traditional Assistive Technologies for people with disabilities, ‘Design for All’ approaches to usability and accessibility, as well as in the emerging computing paradigm of Ambient Intelligence (Pieper, Antona, & Cortes, 2011).

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