An Analysis on Turkey's Urbanization Process in the Context of Urban Development Paradigms

An Analysis on Turkey's Urbanization Process in the Context of Urban Development Paradigms

Aygül Kılınç (Gaziantep University, Turkey)
Copyright: © 2020 |Pages: 21
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-1037-7.ch008
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The ideological, economic, and technological phenomena experienced in the history of the world have surprisingly affected the social order. These phenomena have transformed the social order and have been effective in their reshaping. Since the first quarter of the 20th century, this has led to the emergence of three new paradigms of urban development. The first paradigm includes the period from the Second World War to the end of the 1970s, and this paradigm is defined as the state-based urban development period. The period from the 1980s to the mid-1990s was named as the market-centered urban development period. Last, the period that continued since the mid-1990s was named as the governance period, or the third way.
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On Urban Development And Conjunctural Context

Social transformation involves changes and transformations taking place at different degrees in all dimensions of social structure depending on time and space. The quality and quantity of social change, which is markedly different at the global, national and local scale, varies from society to society. Although functional differentiation or change in urban areas takes place in a short period of time, the fact that this condition becomes apparent in physical tissue requires a much longer temporal process (Aktüre, 1987, p. 2). Social relations and values are reproduced in the context of variables such as changing and developing means of production, technical and scientific developments, the style of capital accumulation, the nature of state intervention and urban actors. These regenerated social relations and values define the political, economic and socio-cultural status of a defined period. The political, economic and socio-cultural phenomena experienced in the process of social development spread to the social and physical processes in the urban area. This creates positive or negative results in the form of objective and subjective patterns in urban tissue, and also becomes apparent in space. With all its components, this process creates the evolution of urban development of a settlement. This structural transformation, which takes place in the social structure and urban space in parallel with social variables, is explained as urban development / change as a concept with a wide content including urbanization and urbanization.

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