An Examination of Challenges Faced by First Responders in the Midst of Disaster

An Examination of Challenges Faced by First Responders in the Midst of Disaster

Terri Adams (Howard University, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-5946-9.ch009
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Abstract

The ineluctable threat of future natural and manmade disasters makes it imperative to advance the understanding of key issues that first responders face in the midst of disasters, and to develop meaningful strategies for preparing them for disaster response. The potential conflicts between professional and personal responsibilities that first responders may face in responding to an incident can represent a distinctive feature of a catastrophic event. This project examined the issues of role conflict and resilience among first responders who have participated in major disaster events. Answers to the project's research questions provide an understanding of the human dynamics experienced by first responders when they are personally impacted by a disaster. This work advances the mission of the Science and Technology Directorate of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) by providing information needed for advancing the development of simulation models and effective training curricula to assist first responders in their quest for preparing and responding to future disaster events.

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