An Unobtrusive Important Issue in the World, Female Suicide: Understanding Geography of Suicide for Suicide Prevention Policy (Case of Turkey)

An Unobtrusive Important Issue in the World, Female Suicide: Understanding Geography of Suicide for Suicide Prevention Policy (Case of Turkey)

Semra Günay Aktaş (Anadolu University, Turkey)
Copyright: © 2014 |Pages: 32
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-6070-0.ch008
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Abstract

Suicide is a complex structure and also affects the families of the person who commit suicide, health care professionals and society. Suicide shows large differences depending on the time, region, age level, gender and race. Suicides are chaotic events because a little confusion on one of each these factors may cause a significant change that leads to severe consequences. Chaos theorists believe that the first step to deal with chaos is to understand it. Therefore, all aspects of suicide need to be understood in detail in order to prevent it. Strategies to prevent suicide can be developed through searching and understanding the suicide geography. In this chapter, the spatial pattern of female suicide is examined with suicide maps. With suicide maps, the aim is to clarify the spatial alteration of the deaths caused by female suicide, to help in focusing on female suicide, to increase the awareness of the specific regions and groups that have a high risk and so to guide the ones who are dealing with decreasing the death ratios, public health experts and decision makers.
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Background

Suicide is a major public health problem and suicidal tendency have widely range by time, region, age group, sex and race. Medical, psychosocial, cultural, and socio-economic risk factors and childhood experiences have been investigated to understand and prevent suicide. As a result of researches that biological, psychological aspects of suicide determined that socio-economic factors are important for the secular trend of suicide and understanding of socio-cultural structure is essential (Tsai & Cho 2011). Hjelmeland (2011) reported that since human beings are complicated, reflective, even biologically oriented researchers agree that on the crucial significance of environmental influences on biology. Hence, the sociocultural context is crucial in suicide research and prevention. Durkheim stated that suicide risk is related to social factors, such low income, unemployment and educational failure in the end of the 1800's (1897). Recent studies related to suicide also reveal impact of socio-economic factors (Agerbo et al., 2011; Bedeian, 1982; Chang et al., 2010; Chuang & Huang 1996; Strand & Kunst, 2006; Prabha & Hugh, 1992; Whitley et al., 1999; Kuroki, 2010). Availability of insecticides and guns, work-related stress, financial problems, family incompatibility (Sharma, et.al., 2007; Malmberg et al, 1997), alcohol addiction effects on suicide (Innamorati et al., 2010). The people who unmarried or have not children more take their own lives (Veevers, 1973; Tsai & Cho 2011). Exposuring to sexual and physical abuse, witnessing domestic violence, living separately with parents or living with disadvantages family members who commit crimes, substance abuse, mentally ill in childhood may be associated with suicidal behaviors in both young people and adults (Sharma et al., 2007). People are also committed suicide for religious purposes, for the sake of political objectives and wars (Bosnar, et.al., 2006; Smith & Frueh, 2013).

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